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2023 | Buch

The Trialism and Application of Human Settlement, Inhabitation and Travel Environment Studies

Applications in Water-net Region

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This book studies human settlements in China in terms of Human Settlements Trialism in 5 typical human settlement types: river valleys, water networks, hills, plains, and arid areas. Focusing on 3 elements of Trialism—(1) natural and constructed environments, resources, and visual landscapes in human settlements background; (2) survival strategies, customs, culture, and values in human settlements activity; and (3) the layout of time and space as well as the planning and design of the urban, the country, and the wilderness in human settlements construction—the book analyzes the evolution of human settlements and predicts future trends.

Presenting academic researchers and graduate students in various fields with insights from landscape architecture, urban planning, architecture, geography, forestry, art, and psychology, the study discusses the principles of interactive physiological thinking and systematically theoretical philosophy related to professional physiology, planning and design principles, and traditional and modern methods and technologies in urban and rural construction. The innovative multi-discipline study promotes the planning and design of 5 types of human settlement, which is helpful to the judgment of value, activity rule, and living style of human settlements, and also discusses the development of human settlements in the new millennium.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Frontmatter
Chapter 1. The Origin of Trialism of Human Settlement, Inhabitation, and Travel Environment
Abstract
Human settlement, inhabitation, and travel environment studies, as the new discipline concept, is derived from “human settlement, inhabitation, and travel environment” and “ecological and environmental sciences”. Based on the philosophy of trialism, human settlement, inhabitation, and travel environment theory is divided into three elements as human settlement, inhabitation, and travel background, activity, and construction. “Background element” is composed of three elements as resource, environment, and ecology. “Activity element” is composed of three elements as activity behavior, psychological perception, and cultural heritage, taking the objects of 3 basic activities in human settlement, inhabitation, and travel environment as gathering, residence, and work to research how to fulfill the basic needs for human daily life. “Construction element” is composed of three elements as time, space, and space unit, which can be explained as follows. As a new view of philosophy, trialistic methodology objectively reveals the inherit law of presence and development in nature and has been proved by modern empirical natural science. To recognize and analyze the diversity and complexity of objects in trialistic view and to seek for the third elements in antagonistic dualism concept should be an effective method to solve many difficulties in natural, social, and humanity science.
Binyi Liu
Chapter 2. Elements and Factors Analysis for Trialistic Composition of Human Settlement, Inhabitation, and Travel Environment
Abstract
Three elements in environmental system of human settlement, inhabitation, and travel background are natural environment, agricultural and forestry environment, and living environment, three elements in resource system of human settlement, inhabitation, and travel background are national territory, ecology, and energy, and three elements in ecosystem of human settlement, inhabitation, and travel background are forest, marine, and wetland.
Three elements in way of living of human settlement, inhabitation, and travel activity are settlement, production, and recreation, three elements in psychology of human settlement, inhabitation, and travel activity are security, stimulation, and identification, three elements in spirit of human settlement, inhabitation, and travel activity are tradition and custom, culture, and belief, three elements in behavior of human settlement, inhabitation, and travel activity are settlement, inhabitation, and travel, and three elements in perception of human settlement, inhabitation, and travel activity: space, place, and domain.
Three elements in design of human settlement, inhabitation, and travel construction: scheme, planning, and design, three elements in art of human settlement, inhabitation, and travel construction: nature, artificiality, and artificial nature, three elements in engineering of human settlement, inhabitation, and travel construction: capacity investigation, quality control, and evolution prediction, and three elements in discipline of human settlement, inhabitation, and travel construction: architecture, urban and rural planning, and landscape architecture.
Binyi Liu
Chapter 3. The Evolution of Human Settlement, Inhabitation, and Travel Environment Theory
Abstract
The evolution of human settlement, inhabitation, and travel environment theory has experienced several periods as (1) The budding period of “Human Settlement, Inhabitation, and Travel Environment Studies” (1850–1900), (2) The embryonic period of “Human Settlement, Inhabitation, and Travel Environment Studies” (1900–1950), (3) The establishment and preliminary development period of “Human Settlement, Inhabitation, and Travel Environment Studies” (1950–2000), and (4) The comprehensive development period of “Human Settlement, Inhabitation, and Travel Environment Studies” (2000—Present).
Binyi Liu
Chapter 4. Classification and Characteristics of Human Settlement, Inhabitation, and Travel Environment Background
Abstract
The total area of land and ocean on the Earth is around 510 million km2, 71% of which is ocean, and 29% percent of which is land with the area of 149 million km2. Human settlement, inhabitation, and travel environment refers to the total of various human survival environment for people’s settlement, inhabitation, and travel, including city, countryside, ocean, etc. These kinds of environment in globe can be generally classified into different categories as ocean, wilderness, countryside, town, county, small-sized city, medium-sized city, metropolis, megalopolis, and outer space. Also, in this book, human settlement, inhabitation, and travel environment is divided into 5 categories of water-net region, valley region, plain region, hilly region, and arid region.
“Resource” is the key to the research of human settlement, inhabitation, and travel background. The basic principle of human settlement, inhabitation, and travel environment resource assessment and investigation is the “dynamically” digital expression, description, and assessment by the information carrier material spatial factors (typography, slope, orientation, building, etc.) and surface factors (surface soil, vegetation, settlement, land use, etc.) with multifunction from economy, ecological environment, and social culture to represent human settlement, inhabitation, and travel environment and its characteristics of resource.
Binyi Liu
Chapter 5. Analysis and Assessment of Human Settlement, Inhabitation, and Travel Activity
Abstract
Basic behavior in human settlement, inhabitation, and travel environment can be categorized as watching, participation, and communication. Psychological factors of human behavior can be concluded as security, stimulation, and identification. Activities in outdoor public space can be concluded into 3 types: necessary activity, optional activity, and social activity, and great discrepancies exist in the requirements of material environment for each type of activity in every kind of space.
Research of human settlement, inhabitation, and travel environment perception can be divided into two branches and four paradigms which are preliminary utilized in environmental assessment. Two branches include environmental science to assess the environment adaptive to human survival, and social culture. Four paradigms include expert paradigm, psychophysical paradigm, cognitive paradigm, and empirical paradigm.
Binyi Liu
Chapter 6. Human Settlement, Inhabitation, and Travel Environment Construction Theory and Technology
Abstract
Human settlement, inhabitation, and travel environment construction theory and technology include (1) resources protection and development: from 3 to 5R, water sensitivity planning and design, and low-cost human settlement, inhabitation, and travel environment construction; (2) green infrastructure construction and management: park system, green belts, greenway, ecological network, initiative planning, mixed use, and resilience; (3) climate adaptable principles, planning, and design; (4) exploration on human settlement, inhabitation, and travel environment construction in larger spatial and temporal scale: water-green interactive improvement in Loess Plateau; and (5) research of human settlement, inhabitation, and travel construction worldwide.
Binyi Liu
Chapter 7. Human Settlement, Inhabitation, and Travel Environment Studies in Water-Net Region
Abstract
A water-net is a network of rivers, lakes, ports, or ditches crisscrossing each other. morphological classification of typical water-net areas: natural morphological classes include dendritic, trellis, radial, and annular; unnatural morphological species, such as the Amsterdam area water-net, Shunde Sankey fish pond, etc. Main issues in water-net region include the degradation and shrinking of waters. Human settlement activities in water-net region are divided into three categories: living activities, production activities, and spiritual activities. The impact of human construction on the ecological environment of the water network is manifold, from the state of harmonious coexistence between people and water in the early stage of urban formation, to the pollution and destruction in the industrial period, and then to the restoration and reuse in the post-industrial period. The construction activities of human beings have affected the water quality environment, species richness and species habitats of the river network to different degrees.
Binyi Liu
Metadaten
Titel
The Trialism and Application of Human Settlement, Inhabitation and Travel Environment Studies
verfasst von
Binyi Liu
Copyright-Jahr
2023
Verlag
Springer Nature Singapore
Electronic ISBN
978-981-19-9143-1
Print ISBN
978-981-19-9142-4
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-9143-1