Landscape ecology is based on the analysis of the linkages between spatial pattern and ecological processes within a landscape (Turner, 1989). Three landscape characteristics are important to the linkage between pattern and process: structure, function and change (Forman and Godron 1986). “Structure” refers to the spatial relationships between components of a landscape, that is, the distribution of energy, materials, and species in relation to the size, shape, numbers, kinds and configuration of components. “Function” refers to the interactions between the spatial elements, such as the flow of energy, materials, and organisms among the components of the landscape. “Change” refers to alteration in the structure and function of the landscape mosaic through time. Understanding the structure, function and change of landscapes helps to determine the relationship between landscape pattern and ecological process and has been the main research item in many studies of ecological systems.
Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
- The Use of Models to Assess the Impact of Land Use Change on Ecological Processes: Case-Studies of Deforestation in South-East Asia
Peter H. Verburg
R. van Zalinge
M. E. F. van Mensvoort
K. P. Overmars
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg