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Über dieses Buch

This book provides an updated list of the vascular flora of the National Park of Abruzzo, Lazio and Molise, incorporating the latest nomenclatural and floristic findings.

The list of plants was extrapolated from a geographic database including all data from floristic or vegetational references and herbarium specimens concerning the Park area.

This data storage tool was obtained from the database of Abruzzo vascular flora (Conti et al. 2010) and adapted to the study area by adding those areas of the Park falling in the regions of Lazio and Molise and their accompanying floristic and vegetational data. Analysis of the data has allowed gaps in the floristic knowledge of the Park, such as comparatively or completely unexplored areas, to be identified, together with those species records that still require confirmation and/or further study. On the basis of these deductions, fieldwork aimed at the collection of new floristic data was carried out. Verification of the correct identification of herbarium specimens collected in the past, as well as a systematic study of critical genera, were also important priorities.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Frontmatter

Part I

Frontmatter

Introduction

An updated list of flora of the Abruzzo, Lazio and Molise National Park is provided. The list of plants was extrapolated from a geographic database including all data from floristic or vegetational references and herbarium specimens concerning the Park area.
Fabio Conti, Fabrizio Bartolucci

Geography, Geomorphology and Geology

The National Park falls within three administrative regions (Abruzzo, Lazio and Molise) and covers an area of 104,000 ha, including the external buffer area. It is a mountainous area in the central part of the Apennines. The highest peaks are Monte Greco (2,285 m), Monte Petroso (2,249 m), Monte Marsicano (2,245 m) and Monte Meta (2,242 m). The geology of the Park is very diversified and consists exclusively of units of the carbonate Lazio-Abruzzo platform and marginally of post-orogenic complex.
Fabio Conti, Fabrizio Bartolucci

Climate

Mostly mountainous, the climate parameters of the Park area differ greatly according to altitude. The average annual rainfall ranges from about 650 mm for Anversa degli Abruzzi up to 1,700 mm for some peaks. The average temperatures are quite low (≤10 °C) and, given the relatively abundant rainfall, do not result in stress from summer aridity, known only for the Barrea station. This stress is, of course, more evident and pronounced in the foothill resort part of the external buffer area with a distinctly Mediterranean climate.
Fabio Conti, Fabrizio Bartolucci

Vegetation Features

The Park lies entirely in the eurosiberian region with forest vegetation for the most part of deciduous trees of hilly (Quercus pubescens, Q. cerris, Ostrya carpinifolia, Fraxinus ornus) and montane zones (Fagus sylvatica ); the exception is the forests of evergreen sclerophylls (Quercus ilex), present in some areas with southern exposure, and those of needleleaves (Pinus nigra) of Villetta Barrea, in the Valle del Sangro. The beechwoods for the most part are extensive high forests with continuity throughout the Park, with some large clearings of secondary meadows of the Brometalia order. The primary meadows of the alpine belt (Seslerietalia apenninae order) are spread over the sufficiently high mountains of the park above the treeline and the strip of subalpine shrubs.
Fabio Conti, Fabrizio Bartolucci

Botanic Exploration

The area of the Abruzzo, Lazio and Molise National Park has been extensively studied, given that the Park has always attracted researchers and promoted new scientific studies. The Park was established in 1923, but the first floristic records date back to the beginning of the 1800s.
Fabio Conti, Fabrizio Bartolucci

Materials and Methods

The list of flora is based on field surveys carried out from 1999 to 2013 and extensive analysis of relevant literature. The Herbarium Apenninicum (APP), Herbarium of the National Park (Pescasseroli) and a few specimens stored in FI, NAP, RO were also consulted to complete the field investigations. The list of flora was extrapolated from the Abruzzo, Lazio and Molise National Park geographic database. A total of 17,972 records deriving from 252 scientific publications, 9,754 herbarium specimens from the Park area and 2,766 georeferenced localities have been computerized.
Fabio Conti, Fabrizio Bartolucci

Floristic List

Frontmatter

A

The taxa belonging to the families Adoxaceae, Alismataceae, Amaranthaceae, Amaryllidaceae, Anacardiaceae, Apiaceae, Apocynaceae, Aquifoliaceae, Araceae, Araliaceae, Aristolochiaceae, Asparagaceae, Aspleniaceae, Asteraceae are reported.
Fabio Conti, Fabrizio Bartolucci

B

The taxa belonging to the families Balsaminaceae, Betulaceae, Blechnaceae, Boraginaceae, Brassicaceae, Buxaceae are reported.
Fabio Conti, Fabrizio Bartolucci

C

The taxa belonging to the families Campanulaceae, Cannabaceae, Caprifoliaceae, Caryophyllaceae, Celastraceae, Cistaceae, Colchicaceae, Convolvulaceae, Cornaceae, Crassulaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Cupressaceae, Cyperaceae are reported.
Fabio Conti, Fabrizio Bartolucci

D

The taxa belonging to the families Dennstaedtiaceae, Dioscoreaceae, Dryopteridaceae are reported.
Fabio Conti, Fabrizio Bartolucci

E

The taxa belonging to the families Ephedraceae, Equisetaceae, Ericaceae, Euphorbiaceae are reported.
Fabio Conti, Fabrizio Bartolucci

F

The taxa belonging to the families Fabaceae and Fagaceae are reported.
Fabio Conti, Fabrizio Bartolucci

G

The taxa belonging to the families Gentianaceae, Geraniaceae and Grossulariaceae are reported.
Fabio Conti, Fabrizio Bartolucci

H

The taxa belonging to the families Hydrangeaceae and Hypericaceae are reported.
Fabio Conti, Fabrizio Bartolucci

I

The taxa belonging to the family Iridaceae are reported.
Fabio Conti, Fabrizio Bartolucci

J

The taxa belonging to the families Juglandaceae, Juncaceae and Juncaginaceae are reported.
Fabio Conti, Fabrizio Bartolucci

L

The taxa belonging to the families Lamiaceae, Lauraceae, Lentibulariaceae, Liliaceae, Linaceae, Loranthaceae and Lythraceae are reported.
Fabio Conti, Fabrizio Bartolucci

M

The taxa belonging to the families Malvaceae, Melanthiaceae, Menyanthaceae and Moraceae are reported.
Fabio Conti, Fabrizio Bartolucci

O

The taxa belonging to the families Oleaceae, Onagraceae, Ophioglossaceae, Orchidaceae, Orobanchaceae and Oxalidaceae are reported.
Fabio Conti, Fabrizio Bartolucci

P

The taxa belonging to the families Paeoniaceae, Papaveraceae, Pinaceae, Plantaginaceae, Platanaceae, Plumbaginaceae, Poaceae, Polygalaceae, Polygonaceae, Polypodiaceae, Portulacaceae, Potamogetonaceae, Primulaceae and Pteridaceaeare reported.
Fabio Conti, Fabrizio Bartolucci

R

The taxa belonging to the families Ranunculaceae, Resedaceae, Rhamnaceae, Rosaceae, Rubiaceae and Rutaceae are reported.
Fabio Conti, Fabrizio Bartolucci

S

The taxa belonging to the families Salicaceae, Santalaceae, Sapindaceae, Saxifragaceae, Scrophulariaceae, Selaginellaceae, Simaroubaceae, Smilacaceae, Solanaceae and Staphyleaceae are reported.
Fabio Conti, Fabrizio Bartolucci

T

The taxa belonging to the families Taxaceae, Thymelaeaceae and Typhaceae are reported.
Fabio Conti, Fabrizio Bartolucci

U

The taxa belonging to the families Ulmaceae and Urticaceae are reported.
Fabio Conti, Fabrizio Bartolucci

V

The taxa belonging to the families Verbenaceae, Violaceae and Vitaceae are reported.
Fabio Conti, Fabrizio Bartolucci

W

The taxa belonging to the family Woodsiaceae are reported
Fabio Conti, Fabrizio Bartolucci

X

The taxa belonging to the family Xanthorrhoeaceae are reported.
Fabio Conti, Fabrizio Bartolucci

Discussion and Conclusion

The floristic list comprises 2114 taxa (species and subspecies) belonging to 109 families and 680 genera. The native flora consists of 2024 taxa which represents a significant number, among the highest recorded in Europe’s national parks. Forty nine taxa are reported for the first time for the flora of the Park, 9 taxa are new for Molise (Bidens cernuus, Bistorta vivipara, Luzula taurica, Orobanche rapum-genistae, O. teucrii, Callitriche lenisulca, C. platycarpa, Cirsium vulgare subsp.crinitum, and Pyrus cordata), 2 are new for Abruzzo (Bromopsis pannonica subsp. pannonica, Tilia platyphyllos subsp. pseudorubra) and 1 is confirmed for Molise (Sedum montanum). Species of phytogeographical and conservation interest are provided. 137 taxa are endemic to Italy, 202 are very rare. The taxa listed include 54 doubtful and 104 not confirmed species. The non - native plants amount to 90 taxa.
Fabio Conti, Fabrizio Bartolucci

Backmatter

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