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This chapter provides a detailed analysis about the Chinese think tanks’ “tradition,” since the first institutes were established in the 1950s up to a more recent generation that has been developed in the early 2000s. Focusing on their major activities, the chapter also draws attention to the crucial “critical juncture” that occurred following Xi Jinping’s proposal of “Building Think Tanks with Chinese Characteristics” in 2013 while providing a detailed differentiation between the different types of think tanks based on their functionality. By looking at the recent trend of the internationalization process of the think-tank sector in China, the chapter also contributes to further analysis of their growing role at the international level, specifically, in terms of Track II Diplomacy and international forums.
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