In the previous chapter, you’ve already encountered vectors
and seen that they have lengths with units of nm
. These vectors are referred to as reciprocal-lattice vectors. Now we are going to discuss what this reciprocal lattice is. The reciprocal lattice is simply a lattice in reciprocal space. Note that this lattice is just as real as the ‘real lattice’ in ‘real’ space. It’s like a new world in
but the relationship to ‘our’ world is not a linear scaling factor but a reciprocal one. If something (an object or a length) is large in real space, then it’s small in reciprocal space.