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2022 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

7. Towards a Critical Political Geography of Resilience Machines in Urban Planning

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Zusammenfassung

In the past years, resilience has turned into one of the major buzzwords in urban studies as well as in urban politics. This coincides with seemingly diverse and expanding challenges cities across the world have been exposed to in the past years (such as the simultaneity of old and new economies, their function as entry points for migrants and refugees, various sorts of perceived security threats, climate change, growing urban-rural polarisation, issues of exclusion and marginalisation, urban protest movements, increasing global competition and so on). Increasingly, policy makers and urban planners see the promotion of resilience as a promising way forward at times when it seems to be more and more difficult to respond to challenges impossible to predict. For many, resilience is the key to the governance of complexity. But, to what extent is the notion of urban resilience a useful approach in this context? And what understanding of resilience should we follow? Based on a review of the current relation of urban planning to these new forms of uncertainty, this chapter discusses the limits and opportunities of the resilience machine out of a critical urban and regional studies perspective.
Fußnoten
1
Welsh, Resilience and Responsibility, p. 21.
 
2
Chandler, Resilience.
 
3
Davoudi et al., A Bridging Concept or a Dead End?
 
4
While acknowledging the need for further research about how the concept is used in normative contexts, I sympathise with advancing the analytical dimension of the resilience concept linked to panarchy and adaptive cycles.
 
5
Taylor, Urban Planning Theory.
 
6
E.g. Davoudi et al., A Bridging Concept or a Dead End?, p. 302.
 
7
Portugali, Complexity, Cognition and the City; de Roo/Silva (eds.), A Planner’s Encounter.
 
8
E.g. Koch/Köhler/Othmer/Weich, Planlos!, p. 11.
 
9
Healey (ed.), Making Better Places.
 
10
Jihad/Jacques, Bricolage Planning, p. 95, for a critical take on this focus on governance, see e.g. Jessop, The Governance of Complexity.
 
11
Reimer/Getimis/Blotevogel, Spatial Planning Systems. – The current euphoria around ‘big data’ can be read as a major back-lash as it seems to reflect the idea that with big data one can better predict and anticipate development and (re-)achieve the capacity for ‘better’ planning; French/Barchers/Zhang, Moving Beyond Operations; Batty, Big Data; Anderson, The End of Theory.
 
12
Boelens, Theorizing Practice, p. 30.
 
13
Rittel/Webber, Dilemmas.
 
14
Boschma, The Window of Locational Opportunity-concept; Olsson et al., Shooting the Rapids, p. 18.
 
15
Cohen/March/Olsen, A Garbage Can Model.
 
16
Rittel/Webber, Dilemmas.
 
17
Boschma, New Industries.
 
18
Olsson et al., Shooting the Rapids.
 
19
Cohen et al., A Garbage Can Model.
 
20
Chandler, Resilience.
 
21
This does not mean that there is no need anymore for rational planning. Indeed, some sub-fields of planning (such as disaster management) do need a lot of conventional and rational planning.
 
22
Habermas, Technik und Wissenschaft; Kreibich, Die Wissenschaftsgesellschaft.
 
23
Böhle/Bolte/Drexel/Weishaupt, Grenzen wissenschaftlich-technischer Rationalität, p. 97.
 
24
Such as Walby, Complexity Theory; Corning, The Re-emergence of “Emergence”; Byrne, Complexity Theory; Ratter, Complexity and Emergence; Luhmann, Soziale Systeme.
 
25
Beck/Bonß/Lau, Theorie reflexiver Modernisierung; iidem, The Theory of Reflexive Modernization.
 
26
See also Beck, Wissen oder Nicht-Wissen?
 
27
Beck/Bonß/Lau, The Theory of Reflexive Modernization, p. 2.
 
28
Ibid., p. 3.
 
29
Beck/Holzer/Kieserling, Nebenfolgen als Problem soziologischer Theoriebildung, p. 77.
 
30
Beck, Wissen oder Nicht-Wissen?, p. 302.
 
31
Ibid., pp. 304 ff.
 
32
Chandler, Beyond Neoliberalism, p. 50.
 
33
Luhmann, Soziale Systeme; idem, Die Gesellschaft der Gesellschaft; Böhle/Busch, Management von Ungewissheit; Manson, Simplifying Complexity; Corning, Re-emergence; Davoudi et al., A Bridging Concept or a Dead End?
 
34
Davoudi/Strange, Space and Place.
 
35
Jihad/Jacques, Bricolage Planning, p. 94.
 
36
See also Hillier, Strategic Navigation, 448; de Roo, Planning and Complexity, p. 15.
 
37
Rydin, Actor-network, p. 266.
 
38
See also Chandler, Resilience; idem, Beyond Neoliberalism.
 
39
Cf. Walker/Anderies/Kinzig/Ryan, Exploring Resilience, p. 12.
 
40
Following Holling, Resilience and Stability.
 
41
Cf. Davoudi et al., A Bridging Concept or a Dead End?, p. 302 ff.
 
42
Holling, Understanding the Complexity, p. 392.
 
43
Ibid.
 
44
Ibid.
 
45
Ibid., p. 393.
 
46
Cf. ibid., p. 404.
 
47
Davoudi et al., A Bridging Concept or a Dead End?, p. 304.
 
48
Lang, Institutional Perspectives.
 
49
Simmie/Martin, The Economic Resilience, p. 42.
 
50
See also Hudson, Resilient Regions, p. 13.
 
51
See also Bürkner, Vulnerabilität und Resilienz, pp. 34 ff.
 
52
Hill/Wial/Wolman, Exploring Regional Economic Resilience, p. 2.
 
53
E.g. Martin/Sunley, Regional Economic Resilience.
 
54
Gong/Hassink, Regional Resilience.
 
55
Welsh, Resilience and Responsibility.
 
56
Beilin/Wilkinson, Introduction, p. 1207.
 
57
Hudson, Resilient Regions.
 
58
See also Krätke, Cities in Contemporary Capitalism.
 
59
MacKinnon/Derickson, From Resilience to Resourcefulness, p. 254.
 
60
Ibid.
 
61
Welsh, Resilience and Responsibility, p. 19.
 
62
See also Beilin/Wilkinson, Introduction, p. 1206.
 
63
Mykhnenko, Resilience.
 
64
As mentioned for example by MacKinnon/Derickson, From Resilience to Resourcefulness, or by Mykhnenko, Resilience; for a concrete example see Goldstein/Wessells/Lejano/Butler, Narrating Resilience.
 
65
Bristow/Healy, Regional Resilience, p. 932.
 
66
Olsson et al., Shooting the Rapids.
 
67
See also Mykhnenko, Resilience, pp. 202 ff.
 
68
Chandler, Beyond Neoliberalism, p. 47.
 
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Metadaten
Titel
Towards a Critical Political Geography of Resilience Machines in Urban Planning
verfasst von
Thilo Lang
Copyright-Jahr
2022
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-37302-3_7