Mycotoxins are secondary metabolites of filamentous fungi or molds that may colonize crops in the field or feeds or foodstuffs during storage. Production of mycotoxins is influenced by a variety of environmental factors, and different strains of fungi are capable of producing different, and often multiple toxins (Pier, 1981). Some toxic effects of fungi have been recognized in man and animals for centuries, while investigations continue on other suspected or potential effects (Butler, 1984; Pier, 1981). Factors influencing the occurrence of mycotoxicoses are complex, including interactions among multiple contaminating fungi, multiple opportunities at which contamination of foods or feeds may occur, environmental factors, plant genetic factors, influence of agricultural biocides on toxin formation, and synergistic action of multiple toxins (Moss, 1984).
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- Toxicology and Pathology of Citrinin
William W. Carlton
- Springer US
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