Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
As discussed in Chap. 3, the transportation system is often envisioned as the engine of development. It is seen as the backbone of the twentieth century’s economic and social progress and is the means by which humans access goods and services and connect to communities. Yet, it is also a major contributor to environmental degradation and community disruption, which is often inequitably distributed. The falling costs and increasing efficiency of the transportation system have enabled the emergence of the throughput society (see Sect. 2.3). The ease with which materials and goods can be moved within and between nations has transformed the structure of national economies, enabling connectivity across the world. This process is further enhanced by the global emergence of information and communication technology (ICT). The complexity unleashed by the integration of regional and national economies means that tracing who or what is responsible for negative externalities is not a simple question to ask or answer. With the possibility of two billion vehicles on the horizon (Sperling and Gordon 2010) and growing mobility trends around the world, the challenges presented by transportation are likely to command public attention for the foreseeable future.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Amekudzi, A. A., Meyer, M. D., Ross, C. L., & Barrella, E. (2011). Transportation planning and sustainability guidebook. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Transportation. Available at http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/hep/climate/sustainability/sustain00.cfm
Ashford, N. A., & Hall, R. P. (2011). Technology, globalization, and sustainable development: Transforming the industrial state. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Ashford, N. A., Hall, R. P., & Ashford, R. (2012). Addressing the crisis in employment and consumer demand: reconciliation with environmental and financial sustainability. The European Financial Review, October-November, 63–68.
Banister, D. (2005). Unsustainable transport: City transport in the new century. London: Routledge.
Barrella, E., Amekudzi, A. A., Meyer, M. D., Ross, C. L., & Turchetta, D. (2010). Best practices and common approaches for considering sustainability at U.S. state transportation agencies. Transportation Research Record, 2174, 10–18. CrossRef
Beatley, T. (1995). The many meanings of sustainability: Introduction to a special issue of JPL. Journal of Planning Literature, 9, 339–342. CrossRef
Benfield, F. K., & Replogle, M. (2002). Transportation. In J. C. Dernbach (Ed.), Stumbling towards sustainability (pp. 647–665). Washington, DC: Environmental Law Institute.
Black, W. R. (1996). Sustainable transportation: A U.S. perspective. Journal of Transport Geography, 4, 151–159. CrossRef
Black, W. R. (2010). Sustainable transportation: Problems and solutions. New York: Guilford Press.
Booz Allen Hamilton. (2014). National Cooperative Highway Research Program Report 750: Strategic issues facing transportation, Volume 4: Sustainability as an organizing principle for transportation agencies. McLean, VA: Booz Allen Hamilton.
Brunner, R. D., & Klein, R. (1999). Harvesting experience: A reappraisal of the U.S. Climate Change Action Plan. Policy Sciences, 32(2), 133–161. CrossRef
Caid, N., Crist, P., Gilbert, R., & Wiederkehr, P. (2002). Environmentally sustainable transport: Concept, goal and strategy—The OECD’s EST Project. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, Transport, 153, 219–226.
Centre for Sustainable Transportation. (1997). Definition and vision of sustainable transportation. Ontario: The Centre for Sustainable Transportation.
Clinton, W. J., & Gore, A. (1993). The climate change action plan. Washington, DC: The White House. http://gcrio.gcrio.org/USCCAP/toc.html
Costanza, R., & Daly, H. E. (1992). Natural capital and sustainable development. Conservation Biology, 6, 37–45. CrossRef
Daly, H. E. (1991a). Elements of environmental macroeconomics. In R. Costanza & L. Wainger (Eds.), Ecological economics: The science and management of sustainability (pp. 32–46). New York: Columbia University Press.
Daly, H. E. (1991b). Steady-state economics. Washington, DC: Island Press.
Dernbach, J. C. (2002). National governance. In J. C. Dernbach (Ed.), Stumbling toward sustainability (pp. 723–743). Washington, DC: Environmental Law Institute.
Dernbach, J. C. (2003). Achieving sustainable development: The centrality and multiple facets of integrated decisionmaking. Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies, 10, 247–285. CrossRef
Dernbach, J. C., & Bernstein, S. (2003). Pursuing sustainable communities: Looking back, looking forward. Urban Lawyer, 35, 495–529.
European Commission (EC). (1992). Green paper on the impact of transport on the environment: A community strategy for sustainable mobility. Brussels: European Commission.
European Council. (2001, April 4–5). 2340th Council meeting—Transport/telecommunications—Luxembourg. Belgium: Council of the European Union.
Foro de Transporte Sostenible (FTS). (2011). Bogotá declaration. Bogotá: Foro de Transporte Sostenible (FTS). http://www.uncrdlac.org/fts/BogotaDeclaration.pdf
Gudmundsson, H., & Hojer, M. (1996). Sustainable development principles and their implications for transport. Ecological Economics, 19, 269–282. CrossRef
Hahn, R. W., Olmstead, S. M., & Stavins, R. N. (2003). Environmental regulation in the 1990s: A retrospective analysis. Harvard Environmental Law Review, 27, 377–415.
Hall, R. P. (2006). Understanding and applying the concept of sustainable development to transportation planning and decision-making in the U.S. Engineering Systems Division, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge. http://esd.mit.edu/students/esdphd/dissertations/hall_ralph.pdf
Holden, E., Linnerud, K., & Banister, D. (2013). Sustainable passenger transport: Back to Brundtland. Transportation Research Part A, 54, 67–77. CrossRef
Holdren, J. P., Daily, C., & Ehrlich, P. R. (1995). The meaning of sustainability: Biogeophysical aspects. In M. Munasinghe & W. Shearer (Eds.), Defining and measuring sustainability: The biogeophysical foundations. Washington, DC: World Bank. Distributed for the United Nations University.
International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD). (2014). Summary of the seventh session of the UN General Assembly Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals: 6-10. Earth Negotiations Bulletin, 32(7), 1–18.
Kidder, R. M. (1990). Perspectives: The three E’s of the 1990s. The Christian Science Monitor.
Lyons, W. M. (2000, December 13–14). The U.S. Transportation Equity Act for the 21st century and the Clean Air Act Amendments—An innovative framework for transportation & environmental policy. In ECMT-OECD Workshop on overcoming institutional barriers to implementing sustainable urban travel policies, Madrid. http://www.oecd.org/cem/UrbTrav/Workshops/InstBarriers/Lyons.pdf
McVoy, G. R., Nelson, D. A., Krekeler, P., Kolb, E., & Gritsavage, J. S. (2010, November 14–17). Moving towards sustainability: New York State Department of Transportation’s GreenLITES Story. In Green streets and highways 2010: An interactive conference on the state of the art and how to achieve sustainable outcomes, Denver, CO.
Munn, R. E. (1989). Towards sustainable development: An environmental perspective. In F. Archibugi & P. Nijkamp (Eds.), Economy and ecology: Towards sustainable development (pp. 42–72). Dordrecht: Kluwer.
Nijkamp, P. (1994). Roads toward environmentally sustainable transport. Transportation Research, Part A, 28, 261–271.
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). (1996). Pollution prevention and control. Environmental criteria for environmentally sustainable transport. Report on phase 1 of the project on Environmentally Sustainable Transport (EST). Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). (1997, March 24–27). OECD proceedings. Towards sustainable transportation. The Vancouver conference. Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). (2000). Environmentally sustainable transport: Futures, strategies and best practice. Synthesis report of the OECD project on Environmentally Sustainable Transport EST. Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
Pollard, T. (2009). Transportation: Challenges and choices. In J. Dernbach (Ed.), Agenda for a sustainable America (pp. 365–379). Washington, DC: Environmental Law Institute.
President’s Council on Sustainable Development (PCSD). (1996a). Energy and transportation: Task Force Report. Washington, DC: President’s Council on Sustainable Development, Energy and Transportation Task Force.
President’s Council on Sustainable Development (PCSD). (1996b). Sustainable America: A new consensus for prosperity, opportunity, and a healthy environment for the future. Washington, DC: President’s Council on Sustainable Development (PCSD).
President’s Council on Sustainable Development (PCSD). (1999). Towards a sustainable America: Advancing prosperity, opportunity, and a healthy environment for the 21st century. Washington, DC: President’s Council on Sustainable Development (PCSD). CrossRef
Rees, W. E. (1995). Achieving sustainability: Reform or transformation? Journal of Planning Literature, 9, 343–361. CrossRef
Short, J. (1995). Freight transport as an environmental problem: Direct policy measures for road freight can be effective in reducing environmental harm. World Transport Policy and Practice, 1(2), 7–10. CrossRef
SLoCaT. (2014a). Results framework for sustainable transport. Partnership on Sustainable Low Carbon Transport (SLoCaT). http://www.slocat.net/
SLoCaT. (2014b). Integration of sustainable transport in OWG 12 document on SDGs and targets. Partnership on Sustainable Low Carbon Transport (SLoCaT). http://www.slocat.net/
Sperling, D., & Gordon, D. (2010). Two billion cars: Driving toward sustainability. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Spyke, N. P. (2005). Heeding the call: Making a matter of Pennsylvania law. Penn State Law Review, 109, 729–782.
Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN). (2014, April 11). Proposed sustainable development goals (SDGs) and targets. New York: Sustainable Development Solutions Network.
Transportation Research Board (TRB). (1997). Toward a sustainable future: Addressing the long-term effects of motor vehicle transportation on climate and ecology. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
UK Round Table on Sustainable Development (UKRTSD). (1996). Defining a sustainable transport sector. London: UK Sustainable Development Commission.
United Nations (UN). (1993). Earth summit: Agenda 21, the United Nations programme of action from Rio. New York: United Nations.
United Nations (UN). (2012). The future we want. A/CONF.216/L.1. New York: United Nations.
United Nations (UN). (2013). A new global partnership: Eradicate poverty and transform economies through sustainable development. The report of the high-level panel of eminent persons on the post-2015 development agenda. New York: United Nations.
United Nations (UN). (2014). Open Working Group proposal for sustainable development goals. Full report of the Open Working Group of the General Assembly on Sustainable Development Goals is issued as document A/68/970. New York: United Nations.
United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (UNCHS). (2001). The role of urban transport in sustainable human settlements. Background paper no. 7. New York: United Nations, Commission on Sustainable Development.
United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). (2001a). Energy and transport. Report of the Secretary-General. New York: United Nations.
United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). (2001b). Transport. Report of the Secretary-General. New York: United Nations.
WEHAB Working Group. (2002). A framework for action on energy. New York: United Nations. http://www.johannesburgsummit.org/html/documents/wehab_papers.html
Weiner, E. (1997). Urban transportation planning in the United States: An historical overview (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Office of the Secretary of Transportation.
World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED). (1987). Our common future. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Yevdokimov, Y. V. (2004). Sustainable transport in Canada. New Brunswick: University of New Brunswick. http://www.unb.ca/transpo/documents/SustainableTransportationinCanada…04.pdf
Zietsman, J., & Rilett, L. R. (2002). Sustainable transportation: Conceptualization and performance measures (p. 149). Austin, TX: University of Texas.
Banister, D. (2008). The sustainable mobility paradigm. Transport Policy, 15, 73–80. CrossRef
Forman, R. T. T., Sperling, D., Bissonette, J. A., Clevenger, A. P., Cutshall, C. D., Dale, V. H., et al. (2003). Road ecology: Science and solutions. Washington, DC: Island Press.
Han, S., Kim, Y. H., & Lee, S. (2009). Green growth in transportation: International views on the transition. 2009 KOTI-EWI Special report. Gyeonggi-do: The Korea Transport Institute.
Holden, E., Linnerud, K., & Banister, D. (2013). Sustainable passenger transport: Back to Brundtland. Transportation Research Part A, 54, 67–77.
Ieda, H. (Ed.). (2010). Sustainable urban transport in an Asian context. New York: Springer.
Ugboaja, P. C., & Ukpere, W. I. (2011). Determining economic sustainability of Nigerian National Transport Policy. African Journal of Business Management, 5(8), 3139–3147.
- Transportation and Sustainability
Ralph P. Hall
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© BBL, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta, Neuer Inhalt/© hww, So bewältigen Sie Stress im Fernstudium/© granata68 | stock.adobe.com | AdobeStock