Precipitation, soils and soil water in a forested catchment in western Poland have been studied during the period 1992 – 96 (see also Vogt et al., this conf.). The S-deposition in the area during the study period was 2 – 3g S m-2 yr-1. In spite of decreasing anthropogenic emissions the S-deposition in the area did not change much during the study period mainly because the first years were exceptionally dry. However, the S-deposition was considerably higher during the previous decade. Based on soil water sulphate concentration, pH, acid neutralising capacity and the ratio of Al3+/(Ca2+ + Mg2+), there is apparently an amelioration in the conditions. A study using inter alia principal component analysis, indicates that this improvement is mainly due to more precipitation in the later part of the study period. Variations in precipitation amount have a pronounced effect on the soil-water chemistry, which makes it difficult to establish trends caused by changes in anthropogenic deposition. Long time series are therefore necessary to establish recovery due to reduced S-emissions.
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- Trends in Soil Water Composition at a Heavily Polluted Site — effects of Decreased S-Deposition and Variations in Precipitation
R. D. Vogt
H. M. Seip
- Springer Netherlands