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Tripartite remote sharing of any single-qubit operation with two asymmetric three-qubit W states is amply treated. Five schemes are put forward with the W states in five different entanglement structures corresponding to five different distributions of two identical qubit trios in three locations. For all schemes, two features about the security and the agent symmetry are analyzed and confirmed. Moreover, resource consumption, necessary-operation complexity, success probability and efficiency are also worked out and compared mutually. For all schemes, quantum resource consumption and necessary-operation complexity are same. The last scheme needs to cost two additional classical bits than the former four schemes. Nonetheless, the last scheme is deterministic and has the highest efficiency in contrast to the other four probabilistic schemes with lower efficiencies. Through some analyses, it is found that both success probability and intrinsic efficiency of each scheme are completely determined by the corresponding entanglement structure of the two W states. The underlying physics of this feature is revealed. In addition, the implementation feasibility of all the schemes is analyzed and thus confirmed according to the current experimental techniques.
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- Tripartite quantum operation sharing with two asymmetric three-qubit W states in five entanglement structures
- Springer US