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Erschienen in: Zeitschrift für Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik 1/2019

02.07.2019 | Essay

Trump’s Departure from Smart Power

verfasst von: Ralf Havertz

Erschienen in: Zeitschrift für Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik | Ausgabe 1/2019

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Abstract

The concept of smart power, which Joseph S. Nye defined as a combination of soft and hard power, was embraced by the Obama administration and became an integral part of its foreign policy strategy. With the administration of Donald Trump, we are witnessing a shift away from soft power toward hard power, which indicates a departure from the smart power strategy of his predecessor. This essay raises the issue of the recent decrease of American soft power and concludes that there is a correlation between this decline and the retreat of the U.S. from its global leadership role.
Fußnoten
1
There has been a dispute about who actually was the first to introduce the concept of smart power. Certainly, some credit belongs to Susan Nossel (2004, pp. 131-132), who suggested that American policymakers should turn to liberal internationalism and focus on the “smart use of power to promote U.S. interests through a stable grid of allies, institutions, and norms.” But it was Nye who developed this concept over time as element of an elaborate theory of power in international relations.
 
2
Initially, spending of only 51.1 bn. US-$ was planned.
 
3
Figures provided by the DoD do not add up exactly, which probably is a rounding effect.
 
4
The fact checkers from the Washington Post counted more than 2000 blatant lies or distorted facts in the statements of Donald Trump within less than a year of his time in office (Kessler and Kelly 2018).
 
5
This was not a pure hard power approach because it included certain soft power elements such as nation building.
 
6
In the Muslim world, Indonesia is a notable exception where the Obama effect had a measurable effect on the favorability rating of the U.S.
 
7
In Russia confidence increased from 11% to 53%, and in Israel from 49% to 56% (Wike et al. 2017).
 
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Metadaten
Titel
Trump’s Departure from Smart Power
verfasst von
Ralf Havertz
Publikationsdatum
02.07.2019
Verlag
Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden
Erschienen in
Zeitschrift für Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik / Ausgabe 1/2019
Print ISSN: 1866-2188
Elektronische ISSN: 1866-2196
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12399-019-00760-1

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