Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
Foreign aid has become an increasingly essential foreign policy tool among states’ options especially when combined with other soft-power instruments. One of the reasons behind this trend is that rising powers have increased their efforts and activism in this field. Even though the motivation of rising powers to use aid as a policy tool reflects various economic, political, military and humanitarian reasons, foreign aid is now part of a multi-dimensional and multi-layered foreign policy strategy for these new actors. This study makes a comparison between Turkish and Indian aid and development assistance policies and practices in Africa to produce theoretical and practical inferences regarding the foreign aid strategies of rising powers. A secondary aim is to recommend practically applicable and policy-relevant proposals for Turkey.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Africa-India Facts & Figures 2015. 2015. http://repository.uneca.org/handle/10855/22897. Accessed 10 Nov 2017.
Anderson, Mark. 2015. Foreign Aid Close to Record Peak After Donors Spend $135bn in 2014. The Guardian, April 8, sec. Global Development. http://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2015/apr/08/foreign-aid-spending-2014-least-developed-countries. Accessed 10 Nov 2017.
Arzu Al. 2016. Future of Global Economic Governance: EU Crisis-EU-IMF Interaction. In Global Governance, Security and Actors: UN at 70, ed. Emel Parlar Dal, Gonca Oğuz Gök, Tolga Sakman, Sayfa Sayısı, 447–458. İstanbul: Tasam. 544, ISBN: 978-605-4881-17- 8.
Balcı, Meral, and Ceren Ece Göcen. 2018. Legal and Political Situation of Syrian Immıgrants in Turkey. International Journal of Afro-Eurasian Research 3 (5): 1–2.
Browne, Stephen. 2006. Aid and Influence: Do Donors Help or Hinder? London/Sterling: Earthscan.
Celements, Michael. 2016. Development Aid to Deter Migration Will Do Nothing of the Kind. Refugees Deeply. https://www.newsdeeply.com/refugees/community/2016/10/31/development-aid-to-deter-migration-will-do-nothing-of-the-kind. Accessed 23 Oct 2017.
Cheru, Fantu, and Cyril Obi. 2011. Chinese and Indian Engagement in Africa: Competitive or Mutually Reinforcing Strategies? Journal of International Affairs 64: 91–110.
Daouda, Cissé. 2015. China and India in Africa. The Diplomat, November 13. http://thediplomat.com/2015/11/china-and-india-in-africa/. Accessed 23 Oct 2017.
Dichter, Thomas W. 2003. Despite Good Intentions: Why Development Assistance to the Third World Has Failed. Amherst/Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.
Easterly, William. 2007. Was Development Assistance a Mistake? The American Economic Review 97 (2): 328–332. CrossRef
Fuchs, Andreas, and Krishna Chaitanya, Vadlamannati. 2012. The Needy Donor: An Empirical Analysis of India’s Aid Motives. SSRN Scholarly Paper. Rochester: Social Science Research Network.
Gök, Gonca Oğuz, and Radiye Funda Karadeniz. 2018. Analyzing the ‘T’ in MIKTA: Turkey’s Changing Middle Power Role in the United Nations. In Middle Powers in Global Governance – The Rise of Turkey, ed. Emel Parlar Dal. Palgrave Macmillan UK. www.palgrave.com/la/book/9783319723648
Goldin, Ian, Halsey, Rogers, and Nicholas, Stern. 2002. The Role and Effectiveness of Development Assistance. Research Papers. Washington, DC: World Bank. http://dlia.ir/kotob/Pdf.E/12/SECTION1/1E/22.PDF. Accessed 29 Oct 2017.
Hausmann, Jeannine. 2014. Turkey as a Donor Country and Potential Partner in Triangular Cooperation. Discussion Paper. Bonn: German Development Institute. http://edoc.vifapol.de/opus/volltexte/2015/5599/. Accessed 09 Nov 2017.
Jerve, A. Morten. 2016. Asian Models for Aid: Is There a Non-western Approach to Development Assistance? Oslo: Michelsen Institute. http://www.eldis.org/go/home&id=34083&type=Document#.V2z0JzUZKiC. Accessed 10 Nov 2017.
Kharas, Homi, and Julie Biau. 2016. New Actors, New Instruments, New Priorities: Toward a Sustainable Development Transformation. In Japan’s Development Assistance, 310–326. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
Kumar, Pranav, and Ankur, Mahanta. 2015. Africa-India Facts & Figures. United Nations Economic Commission for Africa and Confederation of Indian Industry.
Malone, David, C. Raja Mohan, and Srinath Raghavan. 2015. The Oxford Handbook of Indian Foreign Policy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Mawdsley, Emma, and Gerard McCann. 2011. India in Africa: Changing Geographies of Power. Oxford: Fahamu/Pambazuka.
“MEA | Development Partnership Administration.” http://www.mea.gov.in/development-partnership-administration.htm. Accessed 27 June 2016.
Mullen, D. Rani. 2013. India’s Development Assistance: Will It Change the Global Development Finance Paradigm, 27. Gießen & New York University School of Law.
Murphy, Teri Lynne, and Onur Sazak. 2012. Turkey’s Civilian Capacity in Post-Conflict Reconstruction. http://research.sabanciuniv.edu/21550/1/IPM-Turkish-CivCap.pdf. Accessed 11 Nov 2017.
Ngwa, Nkwah Akongnwi. 2015. The Comparative Impact Analysis of Chinese and Turkish Development Assistance to Ethiopia from a South-South Cooperation Perspective. EY International Congress on Economics II (EYC2015), November 5–6, 2015. Ankara. Ekonomik Yaklaşım Association. https://ideas.repec.org/p/eyd/cp2015/13.html. Accessed 10 Nov 2017.
OECD. 2016. India’s Development Co-operation http://www.oecd.org/dac/dac-global-relations/indias-development-co-operation.htm. Accessed 10 Nov 2017.
———. Turkey’s Official Development Assistance (ODA). http://www.oecd.org/dac/stats/turkeys-official-development-assistanceoda.htm. Accessed 27 June 2016.
Omoruyi, Leslie O. 2017. Contending Theories on Development Aid: Post-Cold War Evidence from Africa. New York: Routledge.
Osei, R., O. Morrissey, and T. Lloyd. 2004. The Nature of Aid and Trade Relationships. The European Journal of Development Research 16 (2): 354–374. CrossRef
Ozkan, Mehmet. 2017. The Turkish Way of Doing Development Aid?: An Analysis from the Somali Laboratory. In South-South Cooperation Beyond the Myths, ed. Isaline Bergamaschi, Phoebe Moore, and Arlene B. Tickner, 59–78. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK. https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-137-53969-4_3. CrossRef
Parlar Dal, Emel, and Ali Murat Kursun. 2018. Turkey in the UN Funding System: A Comparative Analysis with the BRICS Countries. In Middle Powers in Global Governance – The Rise of Turkey, ed. Emel Parlar Dal. Palgrave Macmillan UK. www.palgrave.com/la/book/9783319723648
Pevehouse, J.C., and J.S. Goldstein. 2016. International Relations. Washington, DC: Pearson.
Quadir, Fahimul. 2013. Rising Donors and the New Narrative of ‘South–South’ Cooperation: What Prospects for Changing the Landscape of Development Assistance Programmes? Third World Quarterly 34, no. 2: 321–338. https://doi.org/10.1080/01436597.2013.775788. CrossRef
Roychoudhury, S., A. Chenoy, D. Chopra and A. Joshi. 2015. Is Indian Development Cooperation Taking a New Direction Under Modi? IDS 14 http://opendocs.ids.ac.uk/opendocs/bitstream/handle/123456789/6282. Accessed 12 Nov 2017.
Saran, Samir. 2015. India’s Contemporary Plurilateralism. In The Oxford Handbook of Indian Foreign Policy, ed. David M. Malone, C. Raja Mohan, and Srinath Raghavan, 628. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Schuftan, Claudio. 1983. Foreign Aid and Its Role in Maintaining the Exploitation of the Agricultural Sector: Evidence from a Case Study in Africa. International Journal of Health Services 13 (1): 33–49. CrossRef
Stokke, Olav. 1995. Aid and Political Conditionality, EADI-Book Series. Vol. 16. London/Portland: F. Cass.
TIKA. 2014. Development Aid from Turkey to the World. 2014 Report. Ankara: TİKA.
Tjønneland, Elling N. 2015. African Development: What Role Do the Rising Powers Play? NOREF. http://www.peacebuilding.no/Themes/Emerging-powers/Publications/African-development-what-role-do-the-rising-powers-play. Accessed 29 Oct 2017.
Tralac. 2016. China–Africa Trading Relationship. March 2016. http://www.tralac.org/resources/our-resources/9174-china-africa-trading-relationship.html. Accessed 12 Nov 2017.
Woods, Ngaire. 2008. Whose Aid? Whose Influence? China, Emerging Donors and the Silent Revolution in Development Assistance. International Affairs 84 (6): 1205–1221. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2346.2008.00765.x. CrossRef
Yu, Lintao. 2016. Competition in Africa? Beijing Review, January 7. http://www.bjreview.com/World/201601/t20160104_800045934.html. Accessed 12 Nov 2017.
- Turkey and India in the Context of Foreign Aid to Africa
- Chapter 12
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© BBL, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta, Neuer Inhalt/© hww, digitale Transformation/© Maksym Yemelyanov | Fotolia