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Turkish diplomacy fits into middle power approaches. As a good international citizen, it performs as a “go-between” for international coalition-building and creates regional bridging alignments with similar-minded powers. It also utilizes international organizations to amplify its influence. Multistakeholder diplomacy puts an extra layer to this modus operandi. Turkey as a middle power has been performing multistakeholder diplomacy in four major “neighboring” areas: Africa, the Middle East, Balkans, and south Caucasus. This chapter analyzes how multistakeholder diplomacy could be a complementary extra layer to middle power diplomacy. Turkey’s efforts in the last decade give a clear example of what types of complex agendas have been dealt with by multistakeholder diplomacy. It also elaborates the tools Turkey has been utilizing and theoretically relabels Turkish diplomatic efforts within multistakeholder diplomacy.
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- Turkey’s Multistakeholder Diplomacy: From a Middle Power Angle
- Chapter 4
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