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This book provides readers with two major practical insights. Firstly, on the basis of statistical inquiry it identifies the significance of socio-cultural elements that encourage user-instigated transformation. Secondly, it employs layout pattern analysis to distinguish transformation patterns, hence revealing an unbroken cultural link between residents and their roots. The book also sheds new light on the transformation of public housing in the context of culture-sensitive communities in Northern Nigeria.

The research work is directed towards developing culture-responsive public housing design frameworks that are rooted in the current users’ experiences. As a result, a broad portrait of prime design emerges from said experiences. In order to accomplish this goal, the study takes into account both phenomenological and interpretive dimensions. In the process, the cultural factors behind residents’ transformations are uncovered.



Chapter 1. The Concept of Cultural Character in Public Housing Design

The value and the proficiency of architectural creations are often associated with the success that relates culture and space which are distinct to architecture. Architectural products host social activities with several challenges in their bond that lacks proper understanding and demands that complexities arising between culture and space be resolved. Truly, conflicts arising between cultural ideology and societal civilisation often lead to failures in the existing bond between architectural products and social communities.
Abubakar Danladi Isah

Chapter 2. The Dimension of Public Housing in Nigeria

Culture sensitive communities particularly in developing communities are yet to come in terms of the provision strategies of public housing. Nigeria is faced with challenges in both quality and quantity of public housing delivery. Overwhelmed by users’ persistent dissatisfaction of initial provisions, control levels are used to project ‘ownership’ as crucial in households’ derivation of housing satisfaction in the process of housing transformation. The study identified unbroken link between urban migrants and their root and went further to identify the major ethnic groups in the study context. The study thereafter related the desire for indigenousness in urban public housing by inhabitants.
Abubakar Danladi Isah

Chapter 3. Culture as an Integral Phenomenon in Housing Space Transformation

This chapter accounts for the relationship between culture and space which has significantly resulted in housing transformation in culture-sensitive communities like Nigeria. It identified the need to concentrate on human social systems in providing public housing spaces, which requires a threshold due to the diverse background of prospective inhabitants. It went further to relate the living feature of the housing form which is measured by its morphological composition. Thereafter, consideration of existing users’ practices in projecting design indices was suggested as a way out.
Abubakar Danladi Isah

Chapter 4. Search for Cultural Attributes Appropriate for Design Ideals

Core space use at the countryside residences relative to the major ethnic groups in northern Nigeria was evaluated. Using qualitative means, ethnographic principles were adopted. The study established core space attributes at the root that became a basis for assessing urban public housing transformation. Essentially, vernacular house form, particularly space formation that is maintained by urban dwellers as they kept the link with their origin, was observed. Thus, features replicated from the root perceived to transform urban public housing were revealed.
Abubakar Danladi Isah

Chapter 5. Search for Public Housing Inhabitants’ Link with the Root

Public housing inhabitants’ experiences were harnessed through a survey in order to ascertain factors that motivated user-initiated transformation. By extension, inhabitants’ spatial desires that appear to be linked with their root were established. In achieving this, statistical methods consisting of univariate as well as inferential statistical analysis were used to establish the significant impact of sociocultural, socio-economic and socio-physical dimensions in the transformations process. This was based on information obtained from the distributions of questionnaire forms through a random sampling conducted in a purposive study of selected public housings across the region. Finally, the significant factors as experienced by the inhabitants during the process of public housing transformation were revealed. The outcome relates inhabitant link with their root as reflected in the motivating factors.
Abubakar Danladi Isah

Chapter 6. Search for Design Patterns and Design Indices in Transformed Housing Units

Transformed public housing layout was compared with initial design layout in order to relate the configuration patterns and identify the features of the user instituted changes. Adopting the use of gamma diagram principles, common spaces transformed and basic transformation types implemented by occupants were identified. Significantly, design patterns which replicate the root are potential design indices for future public housing sustainable design evolved.
Abubakar Danladi Isah

Chapter 7. Cultural Determinants and Spatial Patterns of Public Housing Design Framework

In a trail of analytical interpretations, implicit findings were established from the explicit outcome presented in the forgone chapters. This led to the search for the implicit meaning of the space use and culture to public housing inhabitants. Consequently, two insights related to cultural determinants and spatial patterns emerged. In these insights, seven implicit domains that relate the features of culture-responsive design appeared as an innovative framework for public housing design essential in providing sustainable design.
Abubakar Danladi Isah

Chapter 8. Rethinking Sustainable Public Housing Design in Cultured Communities

Applicable guidelines on sustainable housing design in culture responsive societies emanated from insight of the user rooted in response of the inhabitants to space use. Indeed, public housing transformation has enabled inhabitants reshape their dwelling with attributes of culture informing their required layout. Accordingly, planning thoughts directed to liveability of the user in indigenous insights as a pathway towards rethinking of public housing design was established. It is echoed as culture responsive design and architectural character which is the thrust of this chapter. This is achieved through the process of re-adaptation of root culture by inhabitants, renewed planning, and attainment of desired configuration thus emphasising importance of the user in the process.
Abubakar Danladi Isah


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