The degradation of the permanent seminatural vegetation and the resulting acceleration of soil degradation and erosion processes constitute major elements of land degradation in the Mediterranean basin. Given the European Commission’s interest in mapping and controlling desertification phenomena in the Mediterranean member states, the “Environmental Mapping and Modelling Unit” (EMAP) of the Joint Research Centre is investigating possibilities for using operational earth observation satellites for mapping and repeated monitoring of vegetation and soil characteristics. In the context of previous experiments, approaches have been developed that can already be routinely applied to large regions. This paper discusses the problems of standardized retrieval of remotely sensed primary parameters (such as reflectance), concepts relating to the thematic interpretation of reflectance data, and the definition of satellite-derived degradation indices. In addition, this paper presents requirements for designing an operational satellite observatory for monitoring Mediterranean land degradation.
Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
- Use of Earth Observation Satellite Data for Land Degradation Mapping and Monitoring in Mediterranean Ecosystems: Towards a Satellite-Observatory
- Springer Netherlands
Fallstudie Überschwemmungskarten/© Thaut Images | Fotolia