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17.01.2020 | ICFSMA 2019 | Ausgabe 1/2020

Shape Memory and Superelasticity 1/2020

Variability of Twin Boundary Velocities in 10M Ni–Mn–Ga Measured Under \(\upmu{\text{s}}\)-Scale Force Pulses

Zeitschrift:
Shape Memory and Superelasticity > Ausgabe 1/2020
Autoren:
A. Mizrahi, D. Shilo, E. Faran
Wichtige Hinweise
This article is an invited submission to Shape Memory and Superelasticity selected from presentations at the International Conference on Ferromagnetic Shape Memory Alloys (ICFSMA) held June 2–7, 2019 in Prague, Czech Republic, and has been expanded from the original presentation.

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Abstract

Twin boundary motion is the basic mechanism responsible for fast actuation of magnetic shape memory (MSM) alloys. Previous studies implied on a wide diversity of twin boundary velocities measured under similar conditions. Here, a data set of more than 400 velocity values is measured under conditions that are relevant for MSM applications and represents the dynamic behavior of 73 twin boundaries. Velocities are measured using an electro-mechanical setup that applies a controllable \(\upmu{\text{s}}\)-scale force pulse and combines force measurements with high-speed imaging. The latter allows extracting velocities of individual twin boundaries, which are then correlated to the macroscopic stress in the sample. The appearance of type I twins is more prevalent than type II, resulting a much larger data set for type I twins. Statistical analysis of velocity points of type I twins reveals an increasing trend of the velocity with the macroscopic stress, as well as useful information on the probability distribution of velocity data. Velocities of type II twins exhibit large variability over a relatively narrow stress range. This can reason the large differences in maximal velocities reported previously for this twin type. The obtained statistical data can improve the design and modeling of MSM actuators.

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