In the UK the “critical loads” approach has been used to derive maps based on the 10km x 10km national grid. However, this grid based approach is inappropriate for catchment scale management and these maps cannot be used for “stock at risk” assessments of the number of water bodies or lengths of streams in a given area that may be vulnerable to acidification. Critical loads are determined across two large river catchments in England (The Duddon) and Wales (The Glaslyn). High resolution, digital datasets are used to characterise the attributes of each subcatchment in terms of land cover, soil, geology, topography and topology. Empirical models used to examine the relationship between these attributes and critical loads indicate that the former can be used to account for significant variation in the latter. However, these relationships can vary from catchment to catchment. Thus, although this approach provides the potential for identifying sensitive surface waters on a catchment wide basis, it is likely that models will need to be parameterised on a catchment specific basis.
Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
- Variation in Freshwater Critical Loads Across Two Upland Catchments in the UK: Implications for Catchment Scale Management
- Springer Netherlands