Inspired by Hofstadter’s
(1982) and by the science fiction short story
by Schattschneider (1988), we propose and discuss criteria for non-mechanical intelligence:
We emphasize the practical requirements for such tests in view of massively multiuser online role-playing games (MMORPGs) and virtual reality systems like
. In response to these new needs, two variations (Chomsky-Turing and Hofstadter-Turing) of the original Turing-Test are defined and reviewed. The first one is proven undecidable to a deterministic interrogator. Concerning the second variant, we demonstrate Second Life as a useful framework for implementing (some iterations of) that test.