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The purpose of current investigation is to develop a robust intelligent framework to achieve efficient and reliable operating process parameters for laser solid freeform fabrication (LSFF) process as a recent and ongoing topic of investigation. Firstly, based on mutable smart bee algorithm (MSBA) and fuzzy inference system (FIS) two models are developed to identify the clad hight (deposited layer thickness) and the melt pool depth as functions of scanning speed, laser power and mass powder. Using the obtained model, the well-known multiobjective evolutionary algorithm called non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm (NSGA-II) is used for multi-criterion optimization of LSFF process. According to the available reported information and also the author’s experiments, it is observed that the obtained Pareto front is not justifiable since it fails to cover the entire Pareto hyper-volume due to the lack of intensified exploration. To tackle this deficiency, authors execute a post optimization process through utilizing a competitive unsupervised machine learning approach known as self-organizing map (SOM) with cubic spatial topology. Achieved results indicate that this grid based network is capable of enhancing the intensification of Pareto solutions since its synaptic weights successfully imitate the characteristics of non-dominated solutions (optimal values of mass powder, laser power and scanning speed). For extracting the corresponding objective functions of these non-dominated synaptic weights, MSBA–FIS is used again to map the operating parameters to objective functions space. After the termination of abovementioned procedures, a valuable archive, containing a set of non-dominated solutions, is obtained which lets the authors to make a deliberate engineering trade-off. Simulation experiments reveal that the proposed intelligent framework is highly capable to cope with complex engineering systems. Besides, it is observed that MSBA is more efficient in evolving the structure of hierarchical fuzzy inference system in comparison with classic hierarchical GA-FIS model. This rises from the simple structure of MSBA that turns it into a fast and robust algorithm for handling constraint distributed systems (i.e. hierarchical FIS in current investigation). The obtained results also indicate that the introduced intelligent framework is applicable for optimal design of complex engineering systems where there exists no analytical formulation that describes the phenomenon as well as information of optimal operating parameters.
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- Vector optimization of laser solid freeform fabrication system using a hierarchical mutable smart bee-fuzzy inference system and hybrid NSGA-II/self-organizing map
- Springer US
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