Skip to main content

Tipp

Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen

2021 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Walkability Mobility: Re-envisioning Non-motorized Transport (NMT) in Developing Cities for a Sustainable Future

verfasst von : Kamya Richard Lukenge, Kin Wai Michael Siu

Erschienen in: Advances in Human Aspects of Transportation

Verlag: Springer International Publishing

share
TEILEN

Abstract

Owing to population explosions, many developing cities are experiencing rapid and chaotic urbanization processes filled with undefined urban transport systems that can’t respond to the growing demand. This study aims at examining how Street-infrastructure supports and encourages NMT in Developing cities. The survey highlights the role of the ‘Walkability’ mode of mobility in developing cities where most individuals still have no access to public transport. The study used a roadway characteristic-based model to assess the Pedestrian Level of Service (PLOS) for Kampala urban city center. The survey identified that Kampala city street-facilities caters less towards pedestrian safety. Most studies focus on NMT in cities from developed countries, and no previous studies have used LOS tools to measure ‘Pedestrian’ facilities in Uganda in particular. Therefore, the findings of this investigation would contribute to the scientific community by bridging the cross-cultural mobility-related literature gap.
Literatur
2.
Zurück zum Zitat Yazid, M.M., Ismail, R., Atiq, R.: The use of non-motorized for sustainable transportation in Malaysia. Procedia Eng. 20, 125–134 (2011) CrossRef Yazid, M.M., Ismail, R., Atiq, R.: The use of non-motorized for sustainable transportation in Malaysia. Procedia Eng. 20, 125–134 (2011) CrossRef
3.
Zurück zum Zitat Pritchard, R., Frøyen, Y., Snizek, B.: Bicycle level of service for route choice—a GIS evaluation of four existing indicators with empirical data. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Information 8(5), 214 (2019) CrossRef Pritchard, R., Frøyen, Y., Snizek, B.: Bicycle level of service for route choice—a GIS evaluation of four existing indicators with empirical data. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Information 8(5), 214 (2019) CrossRef
4.
Zurück zum Zitat Asadi-Shekari, Z., Moeinaddini, M., Zaly, S.M.: Non-motorised level of service: addressing challenges in pedestrian and bicycle level of service. Transp. Rev. 33(2), 166–194 (2013) CrossRef Asadi-Shekari, Z., Moeinaddini, M., Zaly, S.M.: Non-motorised level of service: addressing challenges in pedestrian and bicycle level of service. Transp. Rev. 33(2), 166–194 (2013) CrossRef
5.
Zurück zum Zitat Rietveld, P.: Non-motorised modes in transport systems: a multimodal chain perspective for The Netherlands. Transp. Res. Part D Transp. Environ. 5(1), 31–36 (2000) CrossRef Rietveld, P.: Non-motorised modes in transport systems: a multimodal chain perspective for The Netherlands. Transp. Res. Part D Transp. Environ. 5(1), 31–36 (2000) CrossRef
6.
Zurück zum Zitat Cervero, R.: Transport infrastructure and the environment: Sustainable mobility and urbanism. Urban development for the 21st century: Managing resources and creating infrastructure, pp. 155–182 (2013) Cervero, R.: Transport infrastructure and the environment: Sustainable mobility and urbanism. Urban development for the 21st century: Managing resources and creating infrastructure, pp. 155–182 (2013)
7.
Zurück zum Zitat Rahman, D.: Inclusive urban transport for vulnerable groups: the case of Dhaka city. Brac University (2019) Rahman, D.: Inclusive urban transport for vulnerable groups: the case of Dhaka city. Brac University (2019)
8.
Zurück zum Zitat Vermeiren, K., Van Rompaey, A., Loopmans, M., Serwajja, E., Mukwaya, P.: Urban growth of Kampala, Uganda: pattern analysis and scenario development. Landsc. Urban Plan. 106(2), 199–206 (2012) CrossRef Vermeiren, K., Van Rompaey, A., Loopmans, M., Serwajja, E., Mukwaya, P.: Urban growth of Kampala, Uganda: pattern analysis and scenario development. Landsc. Urban Plan. 106(2), 199–206 (2012) CrossRef
10.
Zurück zum Zitat Cervero, R.: Linking urban transport and land use in developing countries. J. Transp. Land Use 6(1), 7–24 (2013) CrossRef Cervero, R.: Linking urban transport and land use in developing countries. J. Transp. Land Use 6(1), 7–24 (2013) CrossRef
12.
Zurück zum Zitat World Health Organization: Global report on urban health: equitable healthier cities for sustainable development (2016) World Health Organization: Global report on urban health: equitable healthier cities for sustainable development (2016)
13.
Zurück zum Zitat World Health Organization: Global status report on road safety 2018: Summary. World Health Organization (2018) World Health Organization: Global status report on road safety 2018: Summary. World Health Organization (2018)
15.
Zurück zum Zitat Andrews, C., Kobusingye, O.C., Lett, R.: Road traffic accident injuries in Kampala. East Afr. Med. J. 76(4), 189–194 (1999) Andrews, C., Kobusingye, O.C., Lett, R.: Road traffic accident injuries in Kampala. East Afr. Med. J. 76(4), 189–194 (1999)
16.
Zurück zum Zitat Uganda Police: Uganda Police Annual Crime Report 2019 (2019) Uganda Police: Uganda Police Annual Crime Report 2019 (2019)
17.
Zurück zum Zitat Lo, R.H.: Walkability: what is it? J. Urban. 2(2), 145–166 (2009) Lo, R.H.: Walkability: what is it? J. Urban. 2(2), 145–166 (2009)
18.
Zurück zum Zitat Mohan, D., Tiwari, G.: Sustainable transport systems: linkages between environmental issues, public transport, non-motorised transport and safety. Econ. Polit. Wkly. 34, 1589–1596 (1999) Mohan, D., Tiwari, G.: Sustainable transport systems: linkages between environmental issues, public transport, non-motorised transport and safety. Econ. Polit. Wkly. 34, 1589–1596 (1999)
19.
Zurück zum Zitat Gudmundsson, H.: Sustainable transport and performance indicators. Issues Environ. Sci. Technol. 20, 35–63 (2004) CrossRef Gudmundsson, H.: Sustainable transport and performance indicators. Issues Environ. Sci. Technol. 20, 35–63 (2004) CrossRef
21.
Zurück zum Zitat Gómez, L.F., Sarmiento, O.L., Lucumí, D.I., Espinosa, G., Forero, R., Bauman, A.: Prevalence and factors associated with walking and bicycling for transport among young adults in two low-income localities of Bogotá, Colombia. J. Phys. Act. Health 2(4), 445–459 (2005) CrossRef Gómez, L.F., Sarmiento, O.L., Lucumí, D.I., Espinosa, G., Forero, R., Bauman, A.: Prevalence and factors associated with walking and bicycling for transport among young adults in two low-income localities of Bogotá, Colombia. J. Phys. Act. Health 2(4), 445–459 (2005) CrossRef
22.
Zurück zum Zitat Transport MoWa. Non Motorised Transport Policy (2012) Transport MoWa. Non Motorised Transport Policy (2012)
23.
Zurück zum Zitat Gallin, N.: Quantifying pedestrian friendliness–guidelines for assessing pedestrian level of service. Road Transp. Res. 10(1), 47 (2001) Gallin, N.: Quantifying pedestrian friendliness–guidelines for assessing pedestrian level of service. Road Transp. Res. 10(1), 47 (2001)
24.
Zurück zum Zitat Muraleetharan, T., Adachi, T., Hagiwara, T., Kagaya, S.: Method to determine pedestrian level-of-service for crosswalks at urban intersections. J. Eastern Asia Soc. Transp. Stud. 6, 127–136 (2005) Muraleetharan, T., Adachi, T., Hagiwara, T., Kagaya, S.: Method to determine pedestrian level-of-service for crosswalks at urban intersections. J. Eastern Asia Soc. Transp. Stud. 6, 127–136 (2005)
25.
Zurück zum Zitat Botma, H.L.: Method to determine level of service for bicycle paths and pedestrian-bicycle paths. Transp. Res. Rec. (1502), 38–44 (1995) Botma, H.L.: Method to determine level of service for bicycle paths and pedestrian-bicycle paths. Transp. Res. Rec. (1502), 38–44 (1995)
26.
Zurück zum Zitat Kang, K., Lee, K.: Development of a bicycle level of service model from the user’s perspective. KSCE J. Civ. Eng. 16(6), 1032–1039 (2012) CrossRef Kang, K., Lee, K.: Development of a bicycle level of service model from the user’s perspective. KSCE J. Civ. Eng. 16(6), 1032–1039 (2012) CrossRef
27.
Zurück zum Zitat Sarkar, S.: Determination of service levels for pedestrians, with European examples. Transp. Res. Rec. 1405, 35 (1993) Sarkar, S.: Determination of service levels for pedestrians, with European examples. Transp. Res. Rec. 1405, 35 (1993)
28.
Zurück zum Zitat UBOS. Uganda Bureau of Statistics - Population (2020) UBOS. Uganda Bureau of Statistics - Population (2020)
29.
Zurück zum Zitat Naddumba, E.: A cross-sectional retrospective study of boda boda injuries at Mulago hospital IN Kampala-Uganda. East Cent. Afr. J. Surg. 9(1), 44–47 (2004) Naddumba, E.: A cross-sectional retrospective study of boda boda injuries at Mulago hospital IN Kampala-Uganda. East Cent. Afr. J. Surg. 9(1), 44–47 (2004)
30.
Zurück zum Zitat Mutto, M., Kobusingye, O.C., Lett, R.R.: The effect of an overpass on pedestrian injuries on a major highway in Kampala-Uganda. Afr. Health Sci. 2(3), 89–93 (2002) Mutto, M., Kobusingye, O.C., Lett, R.R.: The effect of an overpass on pedestrian injuries on a major highway in Kampala-Uganda. Afr. Health Sci. 2(3), 89–93 (2002)
31.
Zurück zum Zitat Petritsch, T.A., Landis, B.W., Huang, H.F., McLeod, P.S., Lamb, D., Farah, W., et al.: Bicycle level of service for arterials. Transp. Res. Rec. 2031(1), 34–42 (2007) CrossRef Petritsch, T.A., Landis, B.W., Huang, H.F., McLeod, P.S., Lamb, D., Farah, W., et al.: Bicycle level of service for arterials. Transp. Res. Rec. 2031(1), 34–42 (2007) CrossRef
32.
Zurück zum Zitat Lowry, M.B., Callister, D., Gresham, M., Moore, B.: Assessment of communitywide bikeability with bicycle level of service. Transp. Res. Rec. 2314(1), 41–48 (2012) CrossRef Lowry, M.B., Callister, D., Gresham, M., Moore, B.: Assessment of communitywide bikeability with bicycle level of service. Transp. Res. Rec. 2314(1), 41–48 (2012) CrossRef
Metadaten
Titel
Walkability Mobility: Re-envisioning Non-motorized Transport (NMT) in Developing Cities for a Sustainable Future
verfasst von
Kamya Richard Lukenge
Kin Wai Michael Siu
Copyright-Jahr
2021
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-80012-3_21