From the previous discussion it is evident that the social prerequisite of capitalist planning lies in the ability to control working-class autonomy; flows of commodities and resources for the material production of war requirements could be planned only if the living subjects who made these flows possible could somehow be “harmonized” and made to co-operate within the social division of labor. The key institution which enabled this was, paradoxically enough, the union. Certainly not the union understood as immediate expression of workers’ needs for an organization, rather, the union understood as a particular form of organization, a vertical hierarchical structure which could function as an instrument of mediation and co-optation of working-class autonomy within the requirements of capital accumulation. The point which needs to be explored now is the relation between the rise of Keynesianism as orthodoxy, as a general framework within which state policies are implemented, and working-class struggles.
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- War Planning and the Rise of the Keynesian Orthodoxy
Massimo De Angelis
- Palgrave Macmillan UK
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