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Über dieses Buch

International voices fill the pages of Water and Sustainability in Arid Regions, forming an original scientific exploration of current water research and management issues.

In arid regions, agriculture that is ill-adapted to the environment, accelerated urbanization, poverty, and increasing pollution challenge access to and uses of water. Understanding these issues requires incorporating findings from both the physical and social sciences at different temporal and spatial scales.

The chapters in this book were written by hydrologists, remote sensing specialists, ecologists, historians, economists, political scientists, architects, archaeologists, and other experts who live in and study arid lands. The authors present updates, overviews, and analyses of water challenges these areas have faced and are striving to address, from salinization in the fabled Taklimakan Desert in China to land degradation in the northern Mediterranean to groundwater over-exploitation in the southwestern United States.

The book also examines desertification, remote sensing, qanat systems, architecture, arsenic contamination, and other case studies from Iran, the Maghreb region, Argentina and Chile, and Mexico. From this conceptual mosaic of comparative perspectives and research methods emerges a strong assumption: an interdisciplinary approach that combines physical and social sciences is the first step toward globally and comprehensively addressing water and sustainability."This book is a valuable and welcome contribution to the discussion of water and sustainable development. Through the collection of chapters, the book clearly illustrates the contemporary diversity of approaches to water scarcity and presents pertinent and new research findings that readers generally do not find compiled together. The result is a highly relevant, accessible, and timely resource that is unique in its international and interdisciplinary content. This is a must-read for anyone working on environmental and sustainability issues in arid lands."André Mariotti, University Pierre et Marie Curie, and INSU - CNRS (National Institute for Earth Sciences and Astronomy-National Center for Scientific Research/Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique), France "Anyone who reads this book will find himself or herself contemplating the need to rethink how we approach the issue of water and sustainability in arid lands. Drawing on the expertise of both physical and social scientists, the chapters taken as a whole present global, historic, and current perspectives on water scarcity in a multi-layered way that rarely has been done before." Miguel Solanes, Madrid Water Institute, Spain

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Frontmatter

Contemporary Issues

Frontmatter

2010 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Chapter 1. Eco-reconstruction in Northwest China

Du Zheng, Yunhe Yin

2010 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Chapter 2. Remote Sensing Assessment of Salinization Impacts in the Tarim Basin: The Delta Oasis of the Ugan and Kuqa Rivers

Tashpolat Tiyip, Gregory N. Taff, Hsiang-te Kung, Fei Zhang

2010 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Chapter 3. Estimating Net Primary Production in Xinjiang Through Remote Sensing

Guanghui Lv, Weiguo Liu, Jiangjun Yang, Entao Yu

2010 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Chapter 4. The Recent Evolution of the Oasis Environment in the Taklimakan Desert, China

Yalikun Tashi, Philippe C. Chamard, Marie-Françoise Courel, Tashpolat Tiyip, Yiliminuer Tuerxun, Sam Drake

2010 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Chapter 5. High Demand in a Land of Water Scarcity: Iran

Gholamreza Zehtabian, Hassan Khosravi, Marzieh Ghodsi

2010 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Chapter 6. Common Scarcity, Diverse Responses in the Maghreb Region

Yamna Djellouli-Tabet

2010 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Chapter 7. Changing Water Resources and Food Supply in Arid Zones: Tunisia

Mustapha Besbes, Jamel Chahed, Abdelkader Hamdane, Ghislain De Marsily

Learning from History

Frontmatter

2010 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Chapter 8. The Qanat: A Living History in Iran

Hassan Ahmadi, Aliakbar Nazari Samani, Arash Malekian

2010 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Chapter 9. Notes from the Turpan Basin: Pioneering Research on the Karez

Iwao Kobori

2010 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Chapter 10. An Introduction to the Khettara in Morocco: Two Contrasting Cases

Mohammed El Faiz, Thierry Ruf

2010 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Chapter 11. Digitally Conserving an Endangered Built Heritage in Kashgar, an Oasis City of the Taklimakan

Michel Florenzano, Marie-Françoise Courel, Francesca De Domenico

2010 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Chapter 12. The Taklimakan Oases: An Environmental Evolution Shown Through Geoarchaeology

Corinne Debaine-Francfort, Françoise Debaine, Abduressul Idriss

Management for Sustainability

Frontmatter

2010 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Chapter 13. How the Predominance of Water Resources Informs Management

Jean Margat

2010 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Chapter 14. Conjunctive Water Management in the US Southwest

Juan Valdes, Thomas Maddock

2010 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Chapter 15. Managing Water Amid Rapid Urbanization: Mexico’s North Borderlands

Nicolás Pineda-Pablos, Alejandro Salazar-Adams

2010 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Chapter 16. Forecasting Streamflows in the San Juan River Basin in Argentina

Juan Carlos Gimenez, Emilio Juan Lentini, Alicia Fernández Cirelli

2010 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Chapter 17. Arsenic and Water Quality Challenges in South America

Alejo Pérez-Carrera, Alicia Fernández Cirelli

2010 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Chapter 18. Evaluating the Restoration of Dryland Ecosystems in the Northern Mediterranean

Susana Bautista, Barron J. Orr, José Antonio Alloza, Ramón V. Vallejo

2010 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Chapter 19. Old and New: Changing Paradigms in Arid Lands Water Management

Charles F. Hutchinson, Robert G. Varady, Sam Drake

Backmatter

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