Weaning food is the basic food for children aged between six months and two years, that is, in the period between full breast-feeding and adult food. Basically, one can distinguish four types of weaning food in Ethiopia: (a)traditional weaning food which is a by-product of the food eaten by adults(b)infant formula/milk which is either imported (and/or donated) milk powder or cow’s milk(c)industrial weaning food which is either produced by the only local producer (Faffa Food Plants) or imported from abroad(d)home-made weaning food prepared according to prescriptions of the Ethiopian Nutrition Institute (ENI). The main objective of this chapter is to determine which of these products is most appropriate for low-income classes. To that end a small consumer survey was carried out in some 200 urban and rural households in western Ethiopia. Another objective is to examine the employment consequences of alternative technologies in producing weaning food. Since there is only one local industrial producer and most weaning food is prepared at home, this aspect will receive less attention in this chapter.
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- Weaning Food and Low-income Consumers in Ethiopia
- Palgrave Macmillan UK
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