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Über dieses Buch

This book aims to help students, researchers and policy makers understand the latest research and development trends in the application of WebGIS for Disaster Management and Emergency Response. It is designed as a useful tool to better assess the mechanisms for planning, response and mitigation of the impact of disaster scenarios at the local, regional or national levels. It contains details on how to use WebGIS to solve real-world problems associated with Disaster Management Scenarios for the long-term sustainability. The book broadens the reader understanding of the policy and decision-making issues related to Disaster Management response and planning.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Frontmatter

Chapter 1. Introduction to Disaster and Emergency Management Science

GIS applications in disaster management are progressively turning into a necessary component of disaster and emergency management activities in many parts of the world. The time considerations are extremely critical in emergency management operations.
Rifaat Abdalla, Marwa Esmail

Chapter 2. Basic Concept of Disaster Management and Emergency Response

International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) refers to a disaster as “a sudden, calamitous event that seriously disrupts the functioning of a community or society and causes human, material, and economic or environmental losses that exceed the community’s or society’s ability to cope using its own resources”.
Rifaat Abdalla, Marwa Esmail

Chapter 3. Technological Foundations of WebGIS

Integration of GIS and Internet technology has revolutionized the use and range of geospatial data and its applications in planning and implementation of strategies for a wide range of activities.
Rifaat Abdalla, Marwa Esmail

Chapter 4. WebGIS Systems and Architectures

With the recent advances in broadband and wireless communication technologies as well as the dramatic increase in Internet technology, it is promising to extend further the reach and range of GIS user working in offices and laboratories in the field or at home which would lead to the development of Internet GIS or Web-enabled GIS.
Rifaat Abdalla, Marwa Esmail

Chapter 5. WebGIS Techniques and Applications

A WebGIS is a computer software and hardware configuration that allows the sharing of maps, spatial data, and geographic processing operations throughout one’s own network and beyond using common Web communications protocols such as HTTP and WebSockets.
Rifaat Abdalla, Marwa Esmail

Chapter 6. Artificial Intelligence and WebGIS for Disaster and Emergency Management

GIS problems are often subject to what is known as curse of dimensionality, which means that the state space grows rapidly when the number of parameters increases. However, the use of intelligent algorithms reduces considerably the size of the state space and helps to quickly find the optimal configurations.
Rifaat Abdalla, Marwa Esmail

Chapter 7. Cloud Computing and WebGIS for Disaster and Emergency Management

Cloud computing is a way of supercomputing shares computer resources on Internet instead of using software or storage on local computers. It can provide scalable and on-demand services on computing, storage, software, and hardware with high reliability and safety to Internet users.
Rifaat Abdalla, Marwa Esmail

Chapter 8. Immersive Environments for Disaster and Emergency Management

Immersive environments are simulations that fill the user’s visual field, giving the sensation of physical presence. Virtual Reality delivers immersion from the individual’s point of view, while immersive rooms bring many viewers into the same simulation. Virtual Reality and other immersive Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) have a high potential for transforming the real world and the way in which we interact with it.
Rifaat Abdalla, Marwa Esmail

Chapter 9. Public Participation WebGIS for Disaster and Emergency Management

All disasters have shared the characteristic of being monumentally costly. The growing prevalence of natural disasters is driving people to pay more and more attention to emergency management. Progress in catastrophe analysis capabilities based on Geographic Information Systems (GIS) may allow the needs of public participation to be considered. Synchronous data sharing between citizens and emergency workers could effectively promote the process of decision-making. With the development of the Internet and technology, Internet-based PPGIS becomes an affordable and accessible GIS tool for public engagement.
Rifaat Abdalla, Marwa Esmail

Chapter 10. WebGIS Decision Support System for Disaster Management

DSS means interactive computer-based systems, which help decision-makers utilize data and models to solve unstructured problems. DSSs couple the intellectual resources of individuals with the capabilities of the computer to improve the quality of decisions. It is a computer-based system for management decision-makers who deal with semi-structured problems.
Rifaat Abdalla, Marwa Esmail

Backmatter

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