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2018 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

3. What Think Tanks Do: Towards a Conceptual Framework

verfasst von : Alexander Ruser

Erschienen in: Climate Politics and the Impact of Think Tanks

Verlag: Springer International Publishing

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Abstract

This chapter outlines the conceptual framework for analysing think tanks, assessing the effectiveness of their respective strategies, and estimating their impact on the national climate politics in the United States and Germany. It argues that differences in the respective political systems have to be taken into account in order to explain the different roles and strategies of think tanks in the United States and Germany. Moreover, different “knowledge regimes” explain why think tanks differ at the organizational level and why, for instance, partisan advocacy think tanks, arguably the most important type in the US, struggle to getting influence in Germany.

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Fußnoten
1
Relying on organizational aspects like non-profit or nonpartisan orientation is further complicated by diverging legal definitions of these very terms. Being labelled a “non-profit organization”, for instance, has considerable influence on the tax burden of an organization. This explains why most American think tanks are so called 501(c) organizations, that is, they are exempt from federal income tax. German non-profit organizations also get favourable tax allowances but differ otherwise form their American “counterparts” (see Winheller 2010).
 
2
A good example is the description Edwin Feulner, president of the Heritage Foundation, a conservative, Washington-based think tank, gives of his organization. According to Feulner, Heritage is ‘trying to influence the Washington public policy community (…) most specifically the Hill, secondly the executive branch, thirdly the national news media’ (Abelson 2004: 220).
 
3
Article 74 of the basic law lays down additional matters subject to concurrent legislation including climate relevant issues such as “waste disposal, air pollution, and noise abatement”, “management of water resources”, “preservation of the coasts”, and “meteorological services”.
 
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Metadaten
Titel
What Think Tanks Do: Towards a Conceptual Framework
verfasst von
Alexander Ruser
Copyright-Jahr
2018
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-75750-6_3

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