Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
Can China innovate? Chinese aerospace conglomerates AVIC, CASC, CASIC and COMAC have managed to focus on re-combination to undertake incremental innovation that reinforce core design concepts while maintaining linkage between core concepts and components; by doing so, they turned China’s locational disadvantages in aerospace production during the early days into country advantages that are attractive to foreign investors. Though industrial democracy among Chinese aerospace conglomerates differs from their American and European counterparts and is not considered ideal, it provides intrinsic motivation among employees within a Confucian family-based culture. Additionally, the more recent introduction of Western techniques involving aerospace professionals has further improved the conglomerates’ attractiveness among the new generation of talents. But there remain challenges towards the frontiers of radical innovation and architectural innovation.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
After his post-doctorate in material science, Gary Georgeson joined Boeing as an engineer in 1988; he became a technical fellow in 2005.
France introduced the German style supervisory board in its Commercial Code of 1996.
They are executives of other global firms such as Deutsche Bank, Rexel, Arcelor Mittal, Anglo-America and Peugeot Citroën.
This relates to the appointment and dismissal of its members.
Only 11.1% of US public and private sectors employees were members of the trade union in 2014 as compared to 20.1% in 1983 (see Membership Rate Falls for U.S. Unions in 2014, The Wall Street Journal, 23 January 2015).
The aircraft assembled by Airbus in France had its sub-systems produced in Europe: the wings from the UK, the cockpit from France, the fuselage from Germany and the tail cone from Spain (see Airbus: the European Model, The Financial Times, 23 May 2014).
Airbus Group (2015). Annual Report. http://annualreport.airbusgroup.com. Accessed 20 January 2016.
Airbus Group (2016a). Corporate Governance. http://www.airbusgroup.com/int/en/group-vision/corporate-governance.html. Accessed 21 July 2016.
Airbus Group (2016b). Organization. http://www.airbusgroup.com/int/en/group-vision/corporate-governance.html. Accessed 21 July 2016.
Amabile, T. M. (1988). A model of creativity and innovation in organizations. Research in Organizational Behaviour, 10, 123–167.
AVIC (2016), 2015 Corporate social responsibility report. http://www.avic.com/cn/cxyfz/shzl/shzlbg/index.shtml. Accessed 1 July 2016.
Block, D., & Gerstner, A. M. (2016). One-tier vs. two-tier board structure: A comparison between the United States and Germany. Comparative Corporate Governance and Financial Regulation Paper 1. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Law School.
Boeing (2010). Guarding the gold. Boeing Frontiers, May 2010, 38–41.
Boeing (2014). Boeing: One inventor, 100 Boeing patents. 14 March. www.boeing.com. Accessed 2 September 2016.
Coalnews (2009). ‘中华全国总工会关于表彰 - 全国五一劳动奖状、全国五一劳动奖章 和全国工人先锋号的决定’, 28 April. http://www.ccoalnews.com/101784/102845/102946/107151.html. Accessed 7 July 2016.
Cotteleer, M.J. (2014). 3D opportunity for production: additive manufacturing makes its (business) case. Deloitte Review, 15. http://www2.deloitte.com/content/dam/Deloitte/tr/Documents/manufacturing/3d-opportunity-for-production.pdf. Accessed 7 July 2016.
Council of Europe (2016). European social charter. http://www.coe.int/en/web/turin-european-social-charter/about-the-charter. Accessed 1 August 2016.
Erickson, C. L. (1993). Collective bargaining in the aerospace industry in the 1980s. Working Paper Series 250, Institute of Industrial Relations, Los Angeles, CA: UCLA.
Flight Global (2015). Top 100 aerospace companies. https://www.flightglobal.com/news/articles/analysis-top-100-aerospace-companies-416514. Accessed 1 July 2016
Fulton, L. (2015). Worker representation in Europe, WP: Labour research department and ETUI, produced with the assistance of the SEEurope network. http://www.worker-participation.eu/National-Industrial-Relations. Accessed 11 January 2016.
Gruber, H.E. (1981). On the relation between ‘Aha’ experiences’ and the construction of ideas. History of Science, 19, 41–59. CrossRef
Hall, P. A., & Soskice, D. (2001). Varieties of capitalism: the institutional foundations of comparative advantage. Oxford: Oxford University Press. CrossRef
Henderson, R. M., & Clark, K. B. (1990). Architectural innovation: The reconfiguration of existing product technologies and the failure of established firms. Administrative Science Quarterly, 35, 9–30. CrossRef
Industriall (2016). Spain: The Airbus 8 acquitted. 18 February 2016. http://www.industriall-union.org/spain-judge-acquits-the-airbus-8. Accessed 11 september 2016.
Liu, J. Y. (2013). Zhongguo Hangtian Shiye Fazhan de Zhexue Sixiang. Beijing: Peking University Press.
Metcalfe, S. (1997). Technology systems and technology policy in evolutionary framework. In D. Archibugi & J. Michie (Eds.), Technology, globalisation and economic performance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Pletz, J. (2016). Which Illinois companies got the most patents?. Crain’s Chicago Business, 8 March. http://www.chicagobusiness.com/article/20160308/BLOGS11/160309854/which-illinois-companies-got-the-most-patents. Accessed 1 August 2016.
Raaijmakers, G., & Stek, M. (2014). The Netherlands. In (ed..) The corporate governance review. London: Law Business Research.
Schein, E. H. (1984). Coming to a new awareness of organizational culture. Sloan Management Review, 25, 3–16.
Siegel, M. (2016). Airbus, unionized in Europe, wants no such thing in mobile. The Seattle Times, 19 March. http://www.seattletimes.com/business/boeing-aerospace/airbus-unionized-in-europe-wants-no-such-thing-in-mobile/. Accessed 1 August 2016.
Solomone, S. (2013). China’s strategy in space. New York: Springer CrossRef
Sternberg, R. J., & Lubart, T. I. (1991). An investment theory of creativity and its development. Human Development, 34, 1–31. CrossRef
Sternberg, R. J., & Lubart, T. I. (1995). Defying the crowd: Cultivating creativity in a culture of conformity. New York: Free Press.
Wallace, D. B., & Gruber, H. E. (1989/1999). Creativity people at work: Twelve cognitive case studies. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Whatever Happened to Industrial Democracy
- Palgrave Macmillan UK
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta