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Über dieses Buch

This book explores 'wicked entrepreneurship', or the proliferation of evil that harms our economic and social transactions, as the greatest socio-economic problem of our time and offers strategies to identify and address this phenomenon.



Introduction: Why This Book, and What Is Entreponerology?

This narrative begins by defining entreponerology and the trident of wicked entrepreneur ship forms and by explaining why a book about the phenomenon of wicked entrepreneurship needs to exist. It delineates what is and is not covered in the book. It explains why the book is and is not like every other business book in existence. The structure of the book, as a three-part analysis of these related new theories of entrepreneurship, is described. A greater perspective is provided to the reader about the importance of the subject matter. By the end, this Introduction will motivate readers to understand how the focal phenomenon occurs and how to act and direct research to address it and its harms.

Richard J. Arend

0. Part I’s Preconditions—Cruel Wicked Entrepreneurship and the Conditions for Its Existence

This chapter further delineates how wicked entrepreneurship differs from standard concepts. The conditions for the first type of wicked entrepreneurship phenomenon to exist are robustly defined. Examining these conditions explains why no theory for this phenomenon exists as yet.

Richard J. Arend

1. Part I’s Who—The Characteristics of Perpetrators and Victims, and How They Can’t Be Used

This chapter identifies the focal party involved in the phenomenon—the perpetrator. It explores the pertinent dimensions that define their decision making. It goes beyond the ‘bad apples’ categorization, to explore the possible sources of the badness and the alarming probability that these perpetrators tend to be upwardly mobile. It also argues that even with the possible identification of such apples, the phenomenon cannot be eliminated.

Richard J. Arend

2. Part I’s When—The Timing of Evil Transactional Behavior, and Why Such Evil Will Always Exist

This chapter explores the timing of the phenomenon, identifying when it is most likely to occur. It explains the differences between the conditions that are endogenous and exogenous, and how each type of condition can potentially be analyzed and possibly addressed.

Richard J. Arend

3. Part I’s What—The Stakes Involved and What Value and Harm Are Transferred in the Phenomenon

This chapter explores the factors involved in the business of evil—economic and social. It considers what the harm is that is done, and what the characteristics of such harm are that allow successful evil to occur. It considers how such harms can affect economies through the technologies now available to scale up the damages.

Richard J. Arend

4. Part I’s Why—The Motivations Driving the Perpetrators of Evil

This chapter addresses the question involving the motivations of the relevant parties. Besides ‘greed’, even more ‘dangerous’ explanations are considered, from culture, to shadenfreunde, to conspiracy.

Richard J. Arend

5. Part I’s How—The Brutal Mechanics of Deceptive Transactions

This chapter is the heart of Part I; it describes the process for committing the evil acts that is common among the range of the phenomena involving economic and social transactions. It explains further why this process exists when, ‘in theory’, it should not. Conditions are carefully outlined. Illustrative cases are provided. Suggestions for a research program are detailed.

Richard J. Arend

6. Part I’s Stability—Why Economic Inefficiencies Are Not Quickly Eliminated

This chapter explores why the phenomenon is stable, even institutionalized. This stability is very important because it is how most of the damages to an economy and a society are generated—through sustained harm. An ‘asymmetry of evil’ is considered as one explanation; another involves the hubris of the victims themselves as a contributing factor.

Richard J. Arend

7. Part I’s Where—The Characteristics of a Corruptible System

This chapter describes the location—in terms of the characteristics of the contextual ‘system involved—in which the phenomenon is most likely to occur. Further aspects of the ‘bad barrel’ explanation are analyzed. Transactional oversight is analyzed for where flaws and gaps occur. An analysis of why such systems are surprisingly resistant to competitive pressures is provided.

Richard J. Arend

8. Part I’s Examples—Cases of the Phenomenon, from Local to International in Effect

This chapter describes several examples at various scales—small, medium, and large. Illustration of these variants highlights some of the differences that occur within the range of the phenomenon. These differences can be used to better formulate effective policy investments.

Richard J. Arend

9. Part I’s Possible Solutions—A Typology and Analysis of Methods to Address the Phenomenon

This chapter considers the range of possible solutions and their likely levels of effectiveness for addressing both the frequency and longevity of the phenomenon. Solutions are sorted by their timing of possible implementation, starting with the preemptive methods. Characteristics of the solutions (e.g., the form of the penalties) are considered in the analysis to provide a clearer basis for choosing among alternatives.

Richard J. Arend

10. Part I’s Measures—Assessing Whether There Is a Problem, and How Bad It Is, and for Whom

This chapter describes different measures of the effects of the phenomenon, because to manage something, one must first be able to measure it. Several options are considered from blunt and wide to very specific in focus. Several methods of measurement are described for different assessment foci.

Richard J. Arend

11. Part I’s Conclusions—The Good News, the Bad News, and the Need for More News

This chapter sums up the preceding analysis, striking a balance between the fundamental reality that evil can never be eliminated and the hope that good can emerge from its study and the experience of it. Several directions for future research are suggested to address unanswered questions and to open up investigative work in relevant, related fields like biology.

Richard J. Arend

12. Part II’s Complex Wicked Entrepreneurship—An Evil Context at the Heart of Innovative Activity

This lengthy chapter formally outlines the second new proposed theory of wicked entrepreneurship in the book, adding context to the first new proposed theory methodically outlined in the previous chapters. The conceptualization of Part II is described along standard social science theory-building criteria. The focus is on less cruel and more complex transactional phenomena that entrepreneurs exploit. The activity modeled again (as in Part I) concerns ‘doing the impossible’ according to outside theory, and so again requires fresh, distinctive theorizing. Implications and extensions of the new model are described.

Richard J. Arend

13. Part III’s Cool Wicked Entrepreneurship—Completing the Analytical Triad, and Some Possible Good Arising from the Evil

This final chapter completes the wicked entrepreneurship trident, leveraging a comparison between the activities and models in Part I and Part II to reveal how a new Part III activity—one where two wrongs can make a right—occurs. Similarities, differences, and most importantly, interactions, between Part I and Part II’s wicked entrepreneurship are detailed to explain the range of outcomes possible to complete the analysis across the combinations of how ‘evil’ can affect dynamic transactions. The chapter also serves as a means to revisit several core concepts and paradoxes from the previous pages in a new light, leaving the reader with a fitting conclusion to the analyses.

Richard J. Arend


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