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14.09.2017 | Ausgabe 11/2017 Open Access

Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A 11/2017

Widening of Laths in Bainite

Zeitschrift:
Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A > Ausgabe 11/2017
Autoren:
Jiaqing Yin, Mats Hillert, Annika Borgenstam
Wichtige Hinweise
Manuscript submitted May 10, 2017.

Abstract

Units of bainite in Fe-C alloys from the upper temperature range inherit their shape from Widmanstätten plates of ferrite, which are lathlike. The thickness increases by long-range diffusion of carbon and the length by short-range diffusion of carbon from the advancing edge of the tip. Both have been studied extensively and are fairly well understood. Widening growth seems to have been much neglected, but a study of some aspects of widening is now presented. The present report is the last one in a series of four morphological studies of bainite, isothermally formed in Fe-C alloys with 0.3 or 0.7 mass pct carbon, mainly in the upper temperature range. It contains a number of morphological observations made on cross sections of packets of bainite, and it elucidated a number of interesting questions about bainite and resulted in some proposals. The ferrite plates in a packet are nucleated as a group on a grain boundary, not each one separately on the side of a prior plate. Lengthening occurs by advancement of a short edge that is formed in close contact to the grain boundary. Widening of laths does not start spontaneously. It is initiated by a modification of the structure of the long edge of the lath. When it then moves, the lattice of the new ferrite is rotated relative to the ferrite formed by lengthening and the habit plane is different. In a section through the length direction, it is difficult to recognize what part of ferrite has formed by widening growth. Furthermore, it is proposed that the individual plates in a microstructure, previously used to illustrate subunits formed by repeated nucleation, were nucleated on a hidden grain boundary.
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