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This chapter looks at how the coprocessor is configured in a Xeon-based server platform and communicates with the host. It will also look at the power management capabilities built into the coprocessor to help reduce power consumption while idle. Figure 6-1 shows a system with multiple Intel Xeon Phi and two socket Intel Xeon processors. The coprocessor connects to the host using PCI Express 2.0 interface x16 lanes. Data transfer between the host memory and the GDDR memory can be through programmed I/O or through direct memory access (DMA) transfer. In order to optimize the data transfer bandwidth for large buffers, one needs to use the DMA transfer mechanism. This section will explain how to use high-level language features to allow DMA transfer. The hardware also allows peer-to-peer data transfers between two Intel Xeon Phi cards. Various data transfer scenarios are shown in Figure 6-1. The two Xeon Phi coprocessors A and B in the figure connect to the PCIe channels attached to the same socket and can do a local peer-to-peer data transfer. The data transfer between Xeon Phi coprocessors B and C will be a remote data transfer. These configurations play a key role in determining how the cards need to be set up for optimal performance.
- Xeon Phi PCIe Bus Data Transfer and Power Management
- Chapter 6