Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Hint

Swipe to navigate through the chapters of this book

2019 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

22. Creative Industries and Neighbourhood Change in South African Cities

Author: James J. Gregory

Published in: The Geography of South Africa

Publisher: Springer International Publishing

share
SHARE

Abstract

Creative industries have been used globally as a lever for economic development and urban regeneration. Despite the benefits of creative industries to stimulate urban regeneration, widespread criticism points to the negative impacts of socioeconomic polarisation and gentrification in urban environments. There is evidence of a growing creative economy in Cape Town and Johannesburg, South Africa’s two largest cities. Over the past two decades, both cities have embarked on various urban regeneration initiatives. Inner city Cape Town in particular shows evidence of the use of creative industries as a tool for widespread regeneration. In Johannesburg, the majority of creative industries are located in its northern suburbs; however, in recent years there is evidence of creative clusters emerging in central Johannesburg. This chapter reviews research and debates on creative industries in Woodstock (Cape Town) and Maboneng (Johannesburg), and illustrates the impacts of creative industries on neighbourhood change in the South African urban context.

To get access to this content you need the following product:

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 69.000 Bücher
  • über 500 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe
  • Versicherung + Risiko

Testen Sie jetzt 15 Tage kostenlos.

Springer Professional "Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 50.000 Bücher
  • über 380 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe




Testen Sie jetzt 15 Tage kostenlos.

Literature
go back to reference Banks M, O’Connor J (2017) Inside the whale (and how to get out of there): Moving on from two decades of creative industries research. Eur J Cult Stud 20(6):637–654 CrossRef Banks M, O’Connor J (2017) Inside the whale (and how to get out of there): Moving on from two decades of creative industries research. Eur J Cult Stud 20(6):637–654 CrossRef
go back to reference Barnes K, Waitt G, Gill N, Gibson C (2006) Community and nostalgia in urban revitalisation: a critique of urban village and creative class strategies as remedies for social ‘problems’. Aust Geogr 37(3):335–354 CrossRef Barnes K, Waitt G, Gill N, Gibson C (2006) Community and nostalgia in urban revitalisation: a critique of urban village and creative class strategies as remedies for social ‘problems’. Aust Geogr 37(3):335–354 CrossRef
go back to reference Booyens I (2012) Creative industries, inequality and social development: developments, impacts and challenges in Cape Town. Urban Forum 23:43–60 CrossRef Booyens I (2012) Creative industries, inequality and social development: developments, impacts and challenges in Cape Town. Urban Forum 23:43–60 CrossRef
go back to reference Booyens I, Rogerson CM (2015) Creative tourism in Cape Town: an innovation perspective. Urban Forum 26(4):405–424 CrossRef Booyens I, Rogerson CM (2015) Creative tourism in Cape Town: an innovation perspective. Urban Forum 26(4):405–424 CrossRef
go back to reference Cape Town Partnership (2007) Cape Town central city: into the future. Central city development strategy. Cape Town Partnership, Cape Town. 45pp Cape Town Partnership (2007) Cape Town central city: into the future. Central city development strategy. Cape Town Partnership, Cape Town. 45pp
go back to reference Catungal JP, Leslie D, Hii Y (2009) Geographies of displacement in the creative city: the case of Liberty Village, Toronto. Urban Stud 46(5):1095–1114 CrossRef Catungal JP, Leslie D, Hii Y (2009) Geographies of displacement in the creative city: the case of Liberty Village, Toronto. Urban Stud 46(5):1095–1114 CrossRef
go back to reference City of Cape Town (2014) Arts, culture and creative industries policy. City of Cape Town, Cape Town. Policy 29892, 55pp City of Cape Town (2014) Arts, culture and creative industries policy. City of Cape Town, Cape Town. Policy 29892, 55pp
go back to reference Cunningham S (2009) Trojan horse or Rorschach blot? Creative industries discourse around the world. Int J Cult Policy 15(4):375–386 CrossRef Cunningham S (2009) Trojan horse or Rorschach blot? Creative industries discourse around the world. Int J Cult Policy 15(4):375–386 CrossRef
go back to reference Cunningham S, Potts J (2015) Creative industries and the wider economy. In: Jones C, Lorenzen M, Sapsed J (eds) The Oxford handbook of creative industries. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp 387–404 Cunningham S, Potts J (2015) Creative industries and the wider economy. In: Jones C, Lorenzen M, Sapsed J (eds) The Oxford handbook of creative industries. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp 387–404
go back to reference De Beukelaer C (2014) Creative industries in “developing” countries: questioning country classifications in the UNCTAD creative economy reports. Cult Trends 23(4):232–251 CrossRef De Beukelaer C (2014) Creative industries in “developing” countries: questioning country classifications in the UNCTAD creative economy reports. Cult Trends 23(4):232–251 CrossRef
go back to reference Department of Arts and Culture (2015) Annual report, 2014–2015. Department of Arts and Culture, Pretoria. 206pp Department of Arts and Culture (2015) Annual report, 2014–2015. Department of Arts and Culture, Pretoria. 206pp
go back to reference Department of Arts and Culture (2016) Mzansi golden economy (MGE). Guidelines: criteria, eligibility, processes & systems. Department of Arts and Culture, Pretoria. 20pp Department of Arts and Culture (2016) Mzansi golden economy (MGE). Guidelines: criteria, eligibility, processes & systems. Department of Arts and Culture, Pretoria. 20pp
go back to reference Flew T (2010) Towards a cultural economic geography of creative industries and urban development: introduction to the special issue on creative industries and urban development. Inf Soc Int J 26(2):85–91 CrossRef Flew T (2010) Towards a cultural economic geography of creative industries and urban development: introduction to the special issue on creative industries and urban development. Inf Soc Int J 26(2):85–91 CrossRef
go back to reference Flew T (ed) (2013) Creative industries and urban development: creative cities in the 21st century. Routledge, New York. 88pp Flew T (ed) (2013) Creative industries and urban development: creative cities in the 21st century. Routledge, New York. 88pp
go back to reference Flew T, Cunningham S (2010) Creative industries after the first decade of debate. Inf Soc Int J 26(2):113–123 CrossRef Flew T, Cunningham S (2010) Creative industries after the first decade of debate. Inf Soc Int J 26(2):113–123 CrossRef
go back to reference Florida R (2002) The rise of the creative class: and how it's transforming work, leisure, community and everyday life. Basic Books, New York. 404pp Florida R (2002) The rise of the creative class: and how it's transforming work, leisure, community and everyday life. Basic Books, New York. 404pp
go back to reference Florida R (2017) The new urban crisis: how our cities are increasing inequality, deepening segregation, and failing the middle class and what we can do about it. Basic Books, New York. 336pp Florida R (2017) The new urban crisis: how our cities are increasing inequality, deepening segregation, and failing the middle class and what we can do about it. Basic Books, New York. 336pp
go back to reference Garner G (2011) Johannesburg – ten ahead: a decade of inner-city regeneration. Double G Media, Johannesburg. 188pp Garner G (2011) Johannesburg – ten ahead: a decade of inner-city regeneration. Double G Media, Johannesburg. 188pp
go back to reference Garnham N (2005) From cultural to creative industries: an analysis of the implications of “creative industries” approach to arts and media policy making in the United Kingdom. Int J Cult Policy 11(1):15–29 CrossRef Garnham N (2005) From cultural to creative industries: an analysis of the implications of “creative industries” approach to arts and media policy making in the United Kingdom. Int J Cult Policy 11(1):15–29 CrossRef
go back to reference Garside J (1993) Inner city gentrification in South Africa: the case of Woodstock, Cape Town. GeoJ 30(1):29–35 Garside J (1993) Inner city gentrification in South Africa: the case of Woodstock, Cape Town. GeoJ 30(1):29–35
go back to reference Gregory JJ (2016) Creative industries and urban regeneration – the Maboneng precinct, Johannesburg. Local Econ 31(1–2):158–171 CrossRef Gregory JJ (2016) Creative industries and urban regeneration – the Maboneng precinct, Johannesburg. Local Econ 31(1–2):158–171 CrossRef
go back to reference Gregory JJ, Rogerson CM (2016) Tracking the policy environment for creative industries in South Africa. In: Donaldson R, Visser G, Kemp J, de Waal J (eds) #celebrate a century of geography: proceedings of the 11th biennial conference of the society of South African geographers. Society of South African Geographers, Stellenbosch, pp 30–37 Gregory JJ, Rogerson CM (2016) Tracking the policy environment for creative industries in South Africa. In: Donaldson R, Visser G, Kemp J, de Waal J (eds) #celebrate a century of geography: proceedings of the 11th biennial conference of the society of South African geographers. Society of South African Geographers, Stellenbosch, pp 30–37
go back to reference Gregory JJ, Rogerson CM (2018) Suburban creativity: the geography of creative industries in Johannesburg. Bull Geogr Socio Econ Ser 39:31–52 CrossRef Gregory JJ, Rogerson CM (2018) Suburban creativity: the geography of creative industries in Johannesburg. Bull Geogr Socio Econ Ser 39:31–52 CrossRef
go back to reference Grodach C, Foster N, Murdoch J (2018) Gentrification, displacement and the arts: Untangling the relationship between arts industries and place change. Urban Stud 55(4):807–825 CrossRef Grodach C, Foster N, Murdoch J (2018) Gentrification, displacement and the arts: Untangling the relationship between arts industries and place change. Urban Stud 55(4):807–825 CrossRef
go back to reference Hesmondhalgh D (2013) The cultural industries. Sage, London. 480pp Hesmondhalgh D (2013) The cultural industries. Sage, London. 480pp
go back to reference Hoogendoorn G, Gregory J (2016) Instagrammers, urban renewal and the Johannesburg inner city. Urban Forum 27(4):399–414 CrossRef Hoogendoorn G, Gregory J (2016) Instagrammers, urban renewal and the Johannesburg inner city. Urban Forum 27(4):399–414 CrossRef
go back to reference Hutton T (2017) The cultural economy of the city: pathways to theory and understanding inequality. In: Gerhard U, Hoelscher M, Wilson D (eds) Inequalities in creative cities. Palgrave Macmillan, New York, pp 15–40 CrossRef Hutton T (2017) The cultural economy of the city: pathways to theory and understanding inequality. In: Gerhard U, Hoelscher M, Wilson D (eds) Inequalities in creative cities. Palgrave Macmillan, New York, pp 15–40 CrossRef
go back to reference Jarvis D, Lambie H, Berkeley N (2009) Creative industries and urban regeneration. J Urban Regen Renewal 2:364–374 Jarvis D, Lambie H, Berkeley N (2009) Creative industries and urban regeneration. J Urban Regen Renewal 2:364–374
go back to reference Jason S (2014) Urban renewal’s bourgeois curse. Mail and Guardian. Available at https://​mg.​co.​za/​article/​2014-08-08-urban-renewals-bourgeois-curse-1.​ Accessed 2 Apr 2017 Jason S (2014) Urban renewal’s bourgeois curse. Mail and Guardian. Available at https://​mg.​co.​za/​article/​2014-08-08-urban-renewals-bourgeois-curse-1.​ Accessed 2 Apr 2017
go back to reference Joffe A, Newton M (2009) Creative industries. In: Kraak A (ed) Sectors and skills: the need for policy alignment. HSRC Press, Cape Town, pp 235–253 Joffe A, Newton M (2009) Creative industries. In: Kraak A (ed) Sectors and skills: the need for policy alignment. HSRC Press, Cape Town, pp 235–253
go back to reference Jones C, Lorenzen M, Sapsed J (eds) (2015) The Oxford handbook of creative industries. Oxford University Press, Oxford. 574pp Jones C, Lorenzen M, Sapsed J (eds) (2015) The Oxford handbook of creative industries. Oxford University Press, Oxford. 574pp
go back to reference Joseph R (2014) The gentrification of Woodstock: from rundown suburb to hipster heaven. The Guardian. Available at https://​www.​theguardian.​com/​cities/​2014/​aug/​12/​gentrification-woodstock-cape-town-suburbhipster-heaven.​ Accessed 2 Apr 2017 Joseph R (2014) The gentrification of Woodstock: from rundown suburb to hipster heaven. The Guardian. Available at https://​www.​theguardian.​com/​cities/​2014/​aug/​12/​gentrification-woodstock-cape-town-suburbhipster-heaven.​ Accessed 2 Apr 2017
go back to reference Kinsman H (2014) Johannesburg’s art scene is thriving, but at what price? The Guardian. Available at https://​www.​theguardian.​com/​world/​2014/​nov/​18/​johannesburg-art-scene-thriving-what-price.​ Accessed 2 Apr 2017 Kinsman H (2014) Johannesburg’s art scene is thriving, but at what price? The Guardian. Available at https://​www.​theguardian.​com/​world/​2014/​nov/​18/​johannesburg-art-scene-thriving-what-price.​ Accessed 2 Apr 2017
go back to reference Kong L (2014) From cultural to creative industries and back? Towards clarifying theory and rethinking policy. Inter-Asia. Cult Stud 15(4):593–607 Kong L (2014) From cultural to creative industries and back? Towards clarifying theory and rethinking policy. Inter-Asia. Cult Stud 15(4):593–607
go back to reference Landry C (2000) The creative city: a toolkit for urban innovators. Earthscan, London. 350pp Landry C (2000) The creative city: a toolkit for urban innovators. Earthscan, London. 350pp
go back to reference Landry C, Bianchini F (1995) The creative city. Demos, London. 60pp Landry C, Bianchini F (1995) The creative city. Demos, London. 60pp
go back to reference Martone A, Sepe M (2012) Creativity, urban regeneration and sustainability: the Bordeaux case study. J Urban Regen Renewal 5:164–183 Martone A, Sepe M (2012) Creativity, urban regeneration and sustainability: the Bordeaux case study. J Urban Regen Renewal 5:164–183
go back to reference Mommaas H (2009) Spaces of culture and economy: mapping the cultural-creative cluster landscape. In: Kong L, O’Connor J (eds) Creative economies, creative cities: Asian-European perspectives. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 45–59 CrossRef Mommaas H (2009) Spaces of culture and economy: mapping the cultural-creative cluster landscape. In: Kong L, O’Connor J (eds) Creative economies, creative cities: Asian-European perspectives. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 45–59 CrossRef
go back to reference Murray MJ (2011) City of extremes: the spatial politics of Johannesburg. Duke University Press, Durham. 470pp CrossRef Murray MJ (2011) City of extremes: the spatial politics of Johannesburg. Duke University Press, Durham. 470pp CrossRef
go back to reference Oyekunle OA (2017) The contribution of creative industries to sustainable urban development in South Africa. Afr J Sci Technol Innov Dev 9(5):607–616 CrossRef Oyekunle OA (2017) The contribution of creative industries to sustainable urban development in South Africa. Afr J Sci Technol Innov Dev 9(5):607–616 CrossRef
go back to reference Pappalepore I, Maitland R, Smith A (2014) Prosuming creative urban areas. Evidence from East London. Ann Tour Res 44:227–240 CrossRef Pappalepore I, Maitland R, Smith A (2014) Prosuming creative urban areas. Evidence from East London. Ann Tour Res 44:227–240 CrossRef
go back to reference Pather R (2016) Evictions in Woodstock and the resistance against apartheid spatial planning. Mail and Guardian. Available at https://​mg.​co.​za/​article/​2016-09-02-evictions-in-woodstock-and-the-resistance-againstapartheid​-spatial-planning.​ Accessed 2 Apr 2017 Pather R (2016) Evictions in Woodstock and the resistance against apartheid spatial planning. Mail and Guardian. Available at https://​mg.​co.​za/​article/​2016-09-02-evictions-in-woodstock-and-the-resistance-againstapartheid​-spatial-planning.​ Accessed 2 Apr 2017
go back to reference Peck J (2005) Struggling with the creative class. Int J Urban Reg Res 29(4):740–770 CrossRef Peck J (2005) Struggling with the creative class. Int J Urban Reg Res 29(4):740–770 CrossRef
go back to reference Pirie G (2007) Reanimating a comatose goddess: reconfiguring central Cape Town. Urban Forum 18:125–151 CrossRef Pirie G (2007) Reanimating a comatose goddess: reconfiguring central Cape Town. Urban Forum 18:125–151 CrossRef
go back to reference Pratt AC (2008) Creative cities: the cultural industries and the creative class. Geogr Ann Ser B Hum Geogr 90(2):107–117 CrossRef Pratt AC (2008) Creative cities: the cultural industries and the creative class. Geogr Ann Ser B Hum Geogr 90(2):107–117 CrossRef
go back to reference Rees M (2013) Maboneng precinct: “I am an island”. Mail and Guardian. Available at https://​mg.​co.​za/​article/​2013-03-08-maboneng-i-am-an-island.​ Accessed 2 Apr 2017 Rees M (2013) Maboneng precinct: “I am an island”. Mail and Guardian. Available at https://​mg.​co.​za/​article/​2013-03-08-maboneng-i-am-an-island.​ Accessed 2 Apr 2017
go back to reference Robinson J (2011) The travels of urban neoliberalism: Taking stock of the internationalization of urban theory. Urban Geogr 32(8):1087–1109 CrossRef Robinson J (2011) The travels of urban neoliberalism: Taking stock of the internationalization of urban theory. Urban Geogr 32(8):1087–1109 CrossRef
go back to reference Rogerson CM (2006) Creative industries and urban tourism: South African perspectives. Urban Forum 17(2):149–166 CrossRef Rogerson CM (2006) Creative industries and urban tourism: South African perspectives. Urban Forum 17(2):149–166 CrossRef
go back to reference Rogerson CM (2018) Unpacking the changing economic geography of Gauteng’s tertiary sector. In: Cheruiyot K (ed) The changing space economy of city-regions. Springer, Cham, pp 157–184 CrossRef Rogerson CM (2018) Unpacking the changing economic geography of Gauteng’s tertiary sector. In: Cheruiyot K (ed) The changing space economy of city-regions. Springer, Cham, pp 157–184 CrossRef
go back to reference Rogerson CM, Rogerson JM (1995) The decline of manufacturing in inner-city Johannesburg 1980–1994. Urban Forum 6(1):17–42 CrossRef Rogerson CM, Rogerson JM (1995) The decline of manufacturing in inner-city Johannesburg 1980–1994. Urban Forum 6(1):17–42 CrossRef
go back to reference Rogerson CM, Rogerson JM (2015) Johannesburg 2030: the economic contours of a “linking global city”. Am Behav Sci 59(3):347–368 CrossRef Rogerson CM, Rogerson JM (2015) Johannesburg 2030: the economic contours of a “linking global city”. Am Behav Sci 59(3):347–368 CrossRef
go back to reference South African Cultural Observatory (2016) The role of cultural and creative industries in regenerating urban and rural space economies in South Africa. Department of Arts and Culture, Pretoria. 84pp South African Cultural Observatory (2016) The role of cultural and creative industries in regenerating urban and rural space economies in South Africa. Department of Arts and Culture, Pretoria. 84pp
go back to reference Tremblay G (2015) Cultural industries, creative economy and the information society. In: Albornoz LA (ed) Power, media, culture: a critical view from the political economy of communication. Palgrave MacMillan, Basingstoke, pp 73–95 CrossRef Tremblay G (2015) Cultural industries, creative economy and the information society. In: Albornoz LA (ed) Power, media, culture: a critical view from the political economy of communication. Palgrave MacMillan, Basingstoke, pp 73–95 CrossRef
go back to reference United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) (2008) Creative economy, report 2008. UNDP, Geneva. 357pp United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) (2008) Creative economy, report 2008. UNDP, Geneva. 357pp
go back to reference United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) (2010) Creative economy, report 2010. UNDP, Geneva. 422pp United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) (2010) Creative economy, report 2010. UNDP, Geneva. 422pp
go back to reference United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) (2013) Creative economy report 2013 special edition. Widening local development pathways. UNDP, New York. 190pp United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) (2013) Creative economy report 2013 special edition. Widening local development pathways. UNDP, New York. 190pp
go back to reference Visser G (2014) The film industry and South African urban change. Urban Forum 25:13–34 CrossRef Visser G (2014) The film industry and South African urban change. Urban Forum 25:13–34 CrossRef
go back to reference Visser G, Kotze N (2008) The state and new-build gentrification in central Cape Town, South Africa. Urban Stud 45(12):2565–2593 CrossRef Visser G, Kotze N (2008) The state and new-build gentrification in central Cape Town, South Africa. Urban Stud 45(12):2565–2593 CrossRef
go back to reference Walsh S (2013) We won’t move: the suburbs take back the center in urban Johannesburg. City Anal Urban Trends Cult Theor Pol Action 17(3):400–408 Walsh S (2013) We won’t move: the suburbs take back the center in urban Johannesburg. City Anal Urban Trends Cult Theor Pol Action 17(3):400–408
go back to reference Wenz L (2012) Changing tune in Woodstock – creative industries and local urban development in Cape Town, South Africa. Gateways Int J Community Res Engagement 5:16–34 CrossRef Wenz L (2012) Changing tune in Woodstock – creative industries and local urban development in Cape Town, South Africa. Gateways Int J Community Res Engagement 5:16–34 CrossRef
go back to reference Western Cape Government (2012) Design: driving competitive advantage in the Western Cape. A strategy for design to unlock innovation. Cape Craft & Design Studio, Cape Town. 33pp Western Cape Government (2012) Design: driving competitive advantage in the Western Cape. A strategy for design to unlock innovation. Cape Craft & Design Studio, Cape Town. 33pp
Metadata
Title
Creative Industries and Neighbourhood Change in South African Cities
Author
James J. Gregory
Copyright Year
2019
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-94974-1_22