Skip to main content



of Springer Professional

Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH
Abraham-Lincoln-Straße 46
65189 Wiesbaden

Tel.: +49 (0)6221 345-4303

Managing Directors: Stefanie Burgmaier | Andreas Funk | Joachim Krieger
Court of Jurisdiction: Regional Court of Wiesbaden, HRB 9754
VAT ID Nr. DE811148419

Responsible party in accordance with § 18 para. 2 of the State Media Treaty:

Stefanie Burgmaier, Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, Abraham-Lincoln-Straße. 46, 65189 Wiesbaden is provided by Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH. Despite thorough research on the part of the editorial staff, the publisher cannot and does not assume any liability for the correctness / completeness of the content presented in its publications. Further, the publisher assumes no liability for content that may be accessed through external links, or for content that is recognisably posted by third parties.

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH is part of the professional publishing group Springer Nature.

The content provided on may not – in whole or in part – be reused, reprinted, posted on Internet-based services or networks of any kind, saved on digital storage media for purposes of distribution, or reproduced, distributed, made available to the public in any other manner or used for commercial purposes without prior written consent. 

Out-of-court settlements: We do not engage in out-of-court settlements before consumer arbitration bodies. However, under the regulation (EU) 524/2013 we are obliged to inform you that the European Commission provides a platform for online dispute resolution, which is available at