The digital era began relatively slowly. The first programmable computer using binary code was the Zuse Z3, designed and built by Konrad Zuse and Helmut Schreyer in Berlin in 1941. In 1971 the first microprocessor was patented; it contained 8,000 transistors. Within ten years, nearly ten times as many transistors were being used; by 2016, the number was around 8 billion.
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