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Sometime between 1956 and 1958, an anonymous IBM programmer rendered a glowing image of a pin-up girl on a cathode ray tube screen of a $ 238 million U.S. military computer at Fort Lee, Virginia . “The pin-up image itself was programmed as a series of short lines, or vectors, encoded on a stack of about 97 Hollerith type punched cards,” recalled Airman First Class Lawrence A. Tipton who took the Polaroid photo shown in Fig. 1.1 that somewhat resembles a hybrid of Betty Boop and Esquire’s December 1956 calendar pin-up by George Petty.
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Aron, Jacob. Software tricks people into thinking it is human. New Scientist. [Online] September 6, 2011. http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn20865-software-tricks-people-ino-thinking-it-is-human.html.
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Edwards, Benj. The Never-Before-Told Story of the World’s First Computer Art (It’s a Sexy Dame). The Atlantic. [Online] January 24, 2013. http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2013/01/the-never-before-told-story-of-the-worlds-first-computer-art-its-a-sexy-dame/267439/.
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Gannes, Liz. Electronic Tattoos and Passwords You Can Swallow: Google’s Regina Dugan Is a Badass. All Things D. [Online] May 29, 2013. http://allthingsd.com/20130529/electronic-tattoos-and-passwords-you-can-swallow-googles-regina-dugan-is-a-badass/.
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Hamilton, Anita. Resistance is Futile: PETA Attempts to Halt the Sale of Remote-Controlled Cyborg Cockroaches. Time Magazine. [Online] November 1, 2013. http://newsfeed.time.com/2013/11/01/cyborg-cockroaches-are-coming-but-not-if-peta-has-anything-to-say-about-it/.
Hof, Robert D. Deep Learning. MIT Technology Review. [Online] April 23, 2013. http://www.technologyreview.com/featuredstory/513696/deep-learning/.
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Ingrahman, Nathan. How Larry Page and the Knowledge Graph helped Ray Kurzweil decide to join Google. The Verge. [Online] March 20, 2013. http://www.theverge.com/2013/3/20/4127266/ray-kurzweil-recruited-by-larry-page.
Jones, Brett R, et al. IllumiRoom: Peripheral Projected Illusions for Interactive Experiences. Microsoft Research. [Online] 2013. http://research.microsoft.com/en-us/projects/illumiroom/.
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Kelly, Kevin. By Analogy. Wired. [Online] November 1995. http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/3.11/kelly.html.
Ilnytzky, Ula. Wafaa Bilal, NYU Artist, Gets Camera Implanted In Head. The Huffington Post. [Online] November 23, 2010. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2010/11/23/wafaa-bilal-nyu-artist-ge_n_787446.html.
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Markoff, John. Computer Wins on ‘Jeopardy!’: Trivial, It’s Not. [Online] The New York Times, February 16, 2011. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/17/science/17jeopardy-watson.html?pagewanted=all.
McKenzie, Sheena. Meet the robot guitarist with 78 fingers and coolest cable hair you’ve ever seen. CNN. [Online] March 14, 2014. http://www.cnn.com/2014/03/14/tech/meet-the-robot-guitarist/index.html.
Merali, Zeeya. Do We Live in the Matrix? Discover Magazine. [Online] November 15, 2013. http://discovermagazine.com/2013/dec/09-do-we-live-in-the-matrix#.UoU3_GR4ayg.
Meyer, David. IBM ‘neuron’ chips mimic brain processing. ZDNet. [Online] August 18, 2011. http://www.zdnet.com/ibm-neuron-chips-mimic-brain-processing-3040093720/.
MIT150 Symposia: Brains, Minds and Machines Symposium. Consciousness and Intelligence. MIT Tech TV. [Online] June 21, 2011. http://techtv.mit.edu/videos/13236-consciousness-and-intelligence.
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- From a Pin-up Girl to Star Trek’s Holodeck: Artificial Intelligence and Cyborgs
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