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2024 | Book

Molecular Communications

An Analysis from Networking Theories Perspective

Authors: Yesenia Cevallos, Cristian Vacacela Gómez, Luis Tello-Oquendo, Talia Tene, Deysi Inca, Ivone Santillán, Albert Espinal, Nicolay Samaniego

Publisher: Springer Nature Switzerland


About this book

This book provides a complete analysis of molecular communications systems from the paradigm of TCP/IP network stack, and it exploits network theories (e.g. independent functions of a layer into a stack, addressing, flow control, error control, and traffic control) and applies them to biological systems. The authors show how these models can be applied in different areas such as industry, medicine, engineering, biochemistry, biotechnology, computer sciences, and other disciplines. The authors then explain how it is possible to obtain enormous benefits from these practices when applied in medicine, such as enhancing current treatment of diseases and reducing the side effects of drugs and improving the quality of treatment for patients. The authors show how molecular communications systems, in contrast to existing telecommunication paradigms, use molecules as information carriers. They show how sender biological nanomachines (bio-nano machines) encode data on molecules (signal molecules) and release the molecules into the environment. They go on to explain how the molecules then travel through the environment to reach the receiver bio-nano machines, where they biochemically react with the molecules to decipher information. This book is relevant to those studying telecommunications and biomedical students, engineers, masters, PhDs, and researchers.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Introduction
This chapter makes up an initial paradigm to introduce the context regarding what Molecular Communications (MCs) are, and how their nanonetworks and propagation systems can take advantage of natural mechanisms that use the processing, emission, transmission, and receiving of molecules for information communication in biological entities. Also, it is specified how this class of transmission takes inspiration from existing telecommunication models and Information and Communication Technology (ICT) techniques to understand how MCs systems work. Finally, this chapter briefly explains the basic components involved in each phase of these molecular communications.
Yesenia Cevallos, Cristian Vacacela Gómez, Luis Tello-Oquendo, Talia Tene, Deysi Inca, Ivone Santillán, Albert Espinal, Nicolay Samaniego
Chapter 2. Analysis of Layer’s Tasks in Molecular Communication: Application, Transport, Network, and Link Layers
In the following, Molecular Communications (MCs) network architecture is explained based on the reference models: Open Systems Interconnection model (OSI), and Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP). This comparison allows us to introduce a hybrid model compatible with MCs. The architecture, models, main functionalities, and tasks provided by each layer in MCs are analyzed according to the following layered model: Application, Transport, Network, and Link. It also provided information about outstanding research that illustrates significant cases that use criteria for these molecular layers.
Yesenia Cevallos, Cristian Vacacela Gómez, Luis Tello-Oquendo, Talia Tene, Deysi Inca, Ivone Santillán, Albert Espinal, Nicolay Samaniego
Chapter 3. Analysis of the Molecular Physical Layer’s Tasks
The previous chapters defined molecular communications (MCs) and their operation principles based on network layered models. An important difference regarding traditional communication models is that MCs deal with the interconnection of biological entities, with different limitations and requirements compared with conventional network devices.
Thus, this chapter analyzes MC systems and their physical parameters to send, propagate, and receive information and also examines the physical components (nanomachines, bio-nanomachines, and nanonetworks) to accomplish these tasks. This chapter studies undesired effects of physical channels such as noise and interference and the adequate error control, codification, and modulation techniques to avoid information degradation because of these effects. Also, continuing with the MC analysis from the Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) paradigm, this chapter examines the physical layer model and functionalities.
Yesenia Cevallos, Cristian Vacacela Gómez, Luis Tello-Oquendo, Talia Tene, Deysi Inca, Ivone Santillán, Albert Espinal, Nicolay Samaniego
Chapter 4. Case Studies of Applications of Digital Networks Theories to Molecular Network Stacks
This chapter emphasizes networking theories applied to medical/biological/standard cases which use molecular communication (MC) systems, and specifically these examples use stacked-layer network models and functionalities which are analyzed in previous chapters. Then, in this book’s last chapter, MCs advantages are used for application in several areas. For example, these systems can be used in medicine for personalized diagnosis, disease detection, and treatments such as drug delivery and nanosurgery. Additionally, some case studies in applications such as bacterial molecular communication, the Internet of nano-things healthcare, modeling nonviral gene delivery, and hybrid DNA are provided.
Thus, this chapter describes practical applications that become the principal goal of the book and specifies the enormous importance that MC systems have in vital areas of science and technology.
Yesenia Cevallos, Cristian Vacacela Gómez, Luis Tello-Oquendo, Talia Tene, Deysi Inca, Ivone Santillán, Albert Espinal, Nicolay Samaniego
Molecular Communications
Yesenia Cevallos
Cristian Vacacela Gómez
Luis Tello-Oquendo
Talia Tene
Deysi Inca
Ivone Santillán
Albert Espinal
Nicolay Samaniego
Copyright Year
Electronic ISBN
Print ISBN