Skip to main content
Top

2019 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

Universal Design as a Way of Thinking About Mobility

Author : Jørgen Aarhaug

Published in: Towards User-Centric Transport in Europe

Publisher: Springer International Publishing

Activate our intelligent search to find suitable subject content or patents.

search-config
loading …

Abstract

The concept of universal design in reference to a strategy to counter social exclusion was first coined by the architect Ronald Mace. He defined Universal design (UD) as “the design of products and environments to be usable by all people, to the greatest extent possible, without the need for adaptation or specialized design”. This paper will look into the use of UD as a policy objective for transport policy, using Norwegian experience as an example. UD was adopted as one of the four major policy objectives in Norwegian transport policy in 2009. However, from 2018 onwards UD is no longer a main policy objective. This experience with UD as a policy objective is used as an empirical backdrop for a more principal discussion on the usefulness of UD in transport and mobility. I conclude by pointing at UD as a useful vision, but difficult policy objective.

Dont have a licence yet? Then find out more about our products and how to get one now:

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 102.000 Bücher
  • über 537 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe
  • Versicherung + Risiko

Jetzt Wissensvorsprung sichern!

Springer Professional "Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 67.000 Bücher
  • über 390 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe




 

Jetzt Wissensvorsprung sichern!

Literature
go back to reference Aarhaug J, Gregersen FA (2016) Vinter, vær og funksjonsnedsettelser—en dybdeanalyse av RVU. TOI report 1543/2016 Aarhaug J, Gregersen FA (2016) Vinter, vær og funksjonsnedsettelser—en dybdeanalyse av RVU. TOI report 1543/2016
go back to reference Anthony RN (1988) The management control function. Harvard Business School Press, Boston Anthony RN (1988) The management control function. Harvard Business School Press, Boston
go back to reference Arsenjeva J (2017) Annotated review of European Union law and policy with reference todisability. Academic network of European Disability experts (ANED) Arsenjeva J (2017) Annotated review of European Union law and policy with reference todisability. Academic network of European Disability experts (ANED)
go back to reference Audirac I (2008) Accessing transit as universal design. J Plann Lit 23(1):4–16 CrossRef Audirac I (2008) Accessing transit as universal design. J Plann Lit 23(1):4–16 CrossRef
go back to reference Burchardt T, Le Grand J, Piachaud D (1999) Social exclusion in Britain 1991–1995. Soc Policy Adm 33(3):227–244 CrossRef Burchardt T, Le Grand J, Piachaud D (1999) Social exclusion in Britain 1991–1995. Soc Policy Adm 33(3):227–244 CrossRef
go back to reference Cass N, Shove E, Urry J (2005) Social exclusion, mobility and access. Sociol Rev 539–555 CrossRef Cass N, Shove E, Urry J (2005) Social exclusion, mobility and access. Sociol Rev 539–555 CrossRef
go back to reference Crews DE, Zavotka S (2006) Aging, disability and frailty: implications for universal design. J Phys Anthropol 25:113–118 CrossRef Crews DE, Zavotka S (2006) Aging, disability and frailty: implications for universal design. J Phys Anthropol 25:113–118 CrossRef
go back to reference Delbusc A, Currie G (2011) The spatial context of transport disadvantage, social exclusion and well-being. J Transp Geogr 19(2011):1130–1137 CrossRef Delbusc A, Currie G (2011) The spatial context of transport disadvantage, social exclusion and well-being. J Transp Geogr 19(2011):1130–1137 CrossRef
go back to reference Fearnley N, Leiren MD, Skollerud KH, Aarhaug J (2010) Nytte av tiltak for universell utforming i kollektivtransporten. In: Selected Proceedings from the annual transport conference at Aalborg University. ISSN 1903-1092 Fearnley N, Leiren MD, Skollerud KH, Aarhaug J (2010) Nytte av tiltak for universell utforming i kollektivtransporten. In: Selected Proceedings from the annual transport conference at Aalborg University. ISSN 1903-1092
go back to reference Fearnley N, Aarhaug J, Flügel S, Eliasson J, Madslien A (2015) Measuring the patronage impact of soft quality factors in urban public transport. Paper presented to ITEA Annual conference and summer school (Kuhmo Nectar), Oslo, Norway, June 2015 Fearnley N, Aarhaug J, Flügel S, Eliasson J, Madslien A (2015) Measuring the patronage impact of soft quality factors in urban public transport. Paper presented to ITEA Annual conference and summer school (Kuhmo Nectar), Oslo, Norway, June 2015
go back to reference Hanson J (2004) The Inclusive City: delivering a more accessible human environment through inclusive design. Institute of Transport Studies, Monash University, Social Research in Transport (SORT) Clearinghouse, Jan 2004 Hanson J (2004) The Inclusive City: delivering a more accessible human environment through inclusive design. Institute of Transport Studies, Monash University, Social Research in Transport (SORT) Clearinghouse, Jan 2004
go back to reference Herriot R (2011) Complexity and consultation—inclusive design in public transport projects. Include2011, London Herriot R (2011) Complexity and consultation—inclusive design in public transport projects. Include2011, London
go back to reference Mace R (1997) What is universal design. The center for universal design at North Carolina State University. Retrieved 19 Nov 1997 Mace R (1997) What is universal design. The center for universal design at North Carolina State University. Retrieved 19 Nov 1997
go back to reference Nordbakke S, Schwanen T (2015) Transport, unmet activity needs and wellbeing in later life: exploring the links. Transportation 42(6):1129–1151 CrossRef Nordbakke S, Schwanen T (2015) Transport, unmet activity needs and wellbeing in later life: exploring the links. Transportation 42(6):1129–1151 CrossRef
go back to reference Nordbakke S, Skollerud K (2016) Transport, udekket aktivitetsbehov og velferd blant personer med nedsatt bevegelsesevne. TOI-report 1465/2016 Nordbakke S, Skollerud K (2016) Transport, udekket aktivitetsbehov og velferd blant personer med nedsatt bevegelsesevne. TOI-report 1465/2016
go back to reference Preston J (2009) Epilogue: transport policy and social exclusion—some reflections. Transp Policy 16:140–142 CrossRef Preston J (2009) Epilogue: transport policy and social exclusion—some reflections. Transp Policy 16:140–142 CrossRef
go back to reference Preston J, Rajé F (2007) Accessibility, mobility, and transport-related social exclusion. J Transp Geogr 15:151–160 CrossRef Preston J, Rajé F (2007) Accessibility, mobility, and transport-related social exclusion. J Transp Geogr 15:151–160 CrossRef
go back to reference Priya T, Uteng A (2009) Dynamics of transport and social exclusion: effects of expensive driver’s license. Transp policy 16(3):130–139 CrossRef Priya T, Uteng A (2009) Dynamics of transport and social exclusion: effects of expensive driver’s license. Transp policy 16(3):130–139 CrossRef
go back to reference Rayle L, Dai D, Chan N, Cervero R, Shaheen S (2016) Just a better taxi? A survey-based comparison of taxis, transit, and ride-sourcing services in San Francisco. Transp Policy 45:168–178 CrossRef Rayle L, Dai D, Chan N, Cervero R, Shaheen S (2016) Just a better taxi? A survey-based comparison of taxis, transit, and ride-sourcing services in San Francisco. Transp Policy 45:168–178 CrossRef
go back to reference Rebstock M (2017) Economic benefits of improved accessibility to the transport systems and the role of transport in fostering tourism for all. Disscussion Paper 2017-04 ITF/OECD Rebstock M (2017) Economic benefits of improved accessibility to the transport systems and the role of transport in fostering tourism for all. Disscussion Paper 2017-04 ITF/OECD
go back to reference Schaller B (2017) Unsustainable? The growth of app-based ride services and traffic, travel, and the future of New York City. Schaller Consulting Schaller B (2017) Unsustainable? The growth of app-based ride services and traffic, travel, and the future of New York City. Schaller Consulting
go back to reference Shakespeare T (2006) The social model of disability. In: The disability studies reader, vol 2. pp 197–204 Shakespeare T (2006) The social model of disability. In: The disability studies reader, vol 2. pp 197–204
go back to reference Skartland E-G, Skollerud K (2017).  Universell utforming og brukermedvirkning i transportsektoren—en casestudie. TØI rapport 1570/2017 Skartland E-G, Skollerud K (2017).  Universell utforming og brukermedvirkning i transportsektoren—en casestudie. TØI rapport 1570/2017
go back to reference Story M, Mueller J, Mace R (1998) The universal design file: designing for people of all ages and abilities. Des Res Methods J 1.1 Story M, Mueller J, Mace R (1998) The universal design file: designing for people of all ages and abilities. Des Res Methods J 1.1
go back to reference Thompson S (2017) Disability prevalence and trends. K4D Helpdesk Report. Institute of Development Studies, Brighton Thompson S (2017) Disability prevalence and trends. K4D Helpdesk Report. Institute of Development Studies, Brighton
go back to reference Van de Velde D (2004) Reference framework for analyzing targeted competitive tendering in public transport. TØI-report 730/2004 Van de Velde D (2004) Reference framework for analyzing targeted competitive tendering in public transport. TØI-report 730/2004
Metadata
Title
Universal Design as a Way of Thinking About Mobility
Author
Jørgen Aarhaug
Copyright Year
2019
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-99756-8_6

Premium Partner