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Published in: Environmental Management 2/2022

13-06-2022

Biological Invasions in Neotropical Regions: Continental Ichthyofauna and Risk Assessment Protocols

Authors: Mariele Pasuch de Camargo, Almir Manoel Cunico, Luiz Carlos Gomes

Published in: Environmental Management | Issue 2/2022

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Abstract

The objectives of this study were to compare four risk assessment protocols for non-native species in neotropical regions and to assess the potential application of these tools for the management of invasive species and conservation of the ichthyofauna in Brazil. The protocols Fish Invasiveness Screening Kit (FISK), Aquatic Species Invasiveness Screening Kit (AS-ISK), European Non-Native Species in Aquaculture Risk Assessment Scheme (ENSARS) and Fish Invasiveness Screening Test (FIST) were applied for the species Oreochromis niloticus, Coptodon rendalli, Poecilia reticulata and Apteronotus aff. albifrons, whose sources of introduction are aquaculture and fishkeeping. The species were classified as low, medium or high risk of invasion. The scores of the species O. niloticus, C. rendalli and P. reticulata classified them as high risk of invasion in all protocols, whereas A. aff. albifrons had medium risk in the protocols FISK and AS-ISK and low risk in the FIST. Although the results were similar for species whose impacts are widely described, less studied species may have their classification compromised by the lack of evidences in the literature. Despite the difficulties for practical application, the use of these tools may be encouraged, considering the potential threats of other invasive species emerging in Brazil. The comparison between the methods showed that the use of AS-ISK, combined with ENSARS in cases of introductions by aquaculture, provides important answers about ecological impacts on natural environments and about the stages of the aquaculture production chain that should be better inspected.
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Metadata
Title
Biological Invasions in Neotropical Regions: Continental Ichthyofauna and Risk Assessment Protocols
Authors
Mariele Pasuch de Camargo
Almir Manoel Cunico
Luiz Carlos Gomes
Publication date
13-06-2022
Publisher
Springer US
Published in
Environmental Management / Issue 2/2022
Print ISSN: 0364-152X
Electronic ISSN: 1432-1009
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-022-01671-2

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