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01-03-2014 | Issue 3/2014

Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics 3/2014

Effect of processing and palladium doping on the properties of tin oxide based thick film gas sensors

Journal:
Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics > Issue 3/2014
Authors:
Meenakshi Choudhary, V. N. Mishra, R. Dwivedi

Abstract

In the present work, solid-state reaction and sol–gel route derived pure tin oxide (SnO2) powders have been used to develop the palladium (Pd)-doped SnO2 thick film sensors for detection of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG). Efforts have been made to study the gas sensing characteristics i.e., sensor response, response/recovery time and repeatability of the thick film sensors. The response of the sensors has been investigated at different operating temperatures from 200 to 350 °C in order to optimise the operating temperature which yields the maximum response upon exposure to fixed concentration of LPG. The optimum temperature is kept constant to facilitate the gas sensing characteristics as a function of the various concentration (0.25–5 vol%) of LPG. The structural and microstructural properties of Pd-doped SnO2 powder and developed sensors have been studied by performing X-ray diffraction and field emission electron microscopy measurements. The improvement in the response along with better response and recovery time have been correlated to the reduction in crystallite size of SnO2 powder and morphology of printed sensor in thick film form. It is found that the thick film sensor developed by using sol–gel route derived SnO2 powder with an optimum doping of 1 wt% Pd is extremely sensitive (86 %) to LPG at 350 °C.

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