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2018 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

3. Funktionswerkstoffe

Authors : Johannes Michael Sinapius, Sebastian Geier

Published in: Adaptronik

Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg

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Übersicht

Dieses Kapitel zeigt zunächst die Grundprinzipien der Funktionswerkstoffe, die energiewandelnde Eigenschaften haben, auf. Es leitet die grundlegenden Kenngrößen von Funktionswerkstoffen her. Die Vorstellung zweier inzwischen weit verbreiteter Klassen von Funktionswerkstoffen, elektromechanische Wandler und thermomechanische Wandler konkretisiert diese grundlegenden Eigenschaften. Das Kapitel stellt ausführlich die phänomenologischen Eigenschaften der Energiewandlung vor und präsentiert einfache Modelle für die komplexen Wandlungsvorgänge. Eine abschließende Übersicht gibt Auskunft über weitere, zum Teil in der Forschung befindliche Funktionswerkstoffe. Ein Beispiel aus der aktuellen Forschung zu Funktionswerkstoffen ergänzt diese Übersicht.

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Footnotes
1
Jacques Curie (1855–1941) erhielt 1903 zusammen mit Marie Curie und Henri Becquerel den Nobelpreis für Physik für die „gemeinsamen Arbeiten über die von H. Becquerel entdeckten Strahlungsphänomene“. Für die Entdeckung der Piezoelektrizität wurden die Brüder Curie 1895 mit dem Prix Gaston Planté der Académie des sciences ausgezeichnet
 
2
Gabriel Lippmann (1845–1921), Französischer Physiker, erhielt 1908 den Nobelpreis für Physik „für seine auf dem Interferenzphänomen begründete Methode, Farben photographisch wiederzugeben“
 
3
eingeführt von Max Planck(1858–1947), Deutscher Physiker, benannt nach Ludwig Boltzmann (1844–1906), Österreichischer Physiker und Philosoph
 
4
benannt nach Pierre-Ernest Weiss (1865–1940), Französischer Physiker
 
5
benannt nach Felix Bloch (1905–1983), Schweizerisch-amerikanischer Physiker, erhielt 1952 den Nobelpreis für Physik.
 
6
benannt nach Robert Hooke (1635–1702), Englischer Universalgelehrter
 
7
benannt nach William Thomson Kelvin, Schottisch-irischer Physiker, 1824–1907 und Woldemar Voigt, Physiker, 1850–1919
 
8
benannt nach Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier (1768–1830), Französischer Mathematiker und Physiker.
 
9
Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen, Deutscher Physiker,1845–1923, erster Nobelpreisträger für Physik 1901
 
10
benannt nach Sir William Chandler Roberts-Austen (1843–1902), englischer Metallurg
 
11
nach Adolf Martens (1850–1914) benannt, deutscher Werkstoffkundler und Gründer der Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung
 
12
nach James Prescott Joule (1818–1889), britischer Physiker
 
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Metadata
Title
Funktionswerkstoffe
Authors
Johannes Michael Sinapius
Sebastian Geier
Copyright Year
2018
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-55884-3_3