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25-07-2021 | Original Paper

Evolution Mechanism and Stability Analysis of Roof Deflection of Composite Structure Roadway Under Dynamic Load Disturbance

Journal:
Geotechnical and Geological Engineering
Authors:
Zequan Sun, Hao Feng, Wenhai Wang, Tao Guo, Qingwei Wang, Peng Tang
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Abstract

The lithology of the roof of the mining roadway is compound and the thickness of each layer varies considerably, and it is disturbed by dynamic load all the year round. The above factors has caused a huge difference in the stability of the roadway surrounding rock. Taking the 11,020 lower tunnel of a mine in Henan Province as the engineering geological background, using on-site investigation, formula derivation, numerical simulation and other methods, the composite roof roadway model group was established to study the deflection evolution characteristics of the surrounding rock under dynamic load disturbance, and summarize the plastic zone of the surrounding rock of the roadway Deformation and evolution of roof surrounding rock to evaluate the stability of surrounding rock with different roof structures. The research results show that the change of the roof surrounding rock structure will also lead to the change of the center deflection of the roadway roof. Therefore, the center deflection of the surrounding rock of various roof composite structures is different, and the deflection is the most direct indicator of the stability of the surrounding rock. The center deflection (\(\omega_{0}\)) of the soft rock type is the largest, the center deflection (\(\omega_{0}\))of the upper soft and the lower hard type, and the soft and hard type is larger, and the soft and hard progressive type, thin, hard and thick soft type (\(\omega_{0}\)) is the smallest, and the dynamic load The relationship between the magnitude of deflection before and after the disturbance is consistent. By constructing a composite roof roadway numerical model group, using the plastic failure zone of the roadway as the evaluation standard, the surrounding rock stability is evaluated and divided, and then the cross-point field measurement method is used to verify the stability of the surrounding rock on the roof of different composite structures. And the development of composite roof roadway surrounding rock deformation and failure mechanism and numerical simulation method has important theoretical significance and practical value for the analysis and control of composite roof roadway surrounding rock stability.

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