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01-12-2015 | Original Paper

Innovation and export performance: do young and mature innovative firms differ?

Authors: Areti Gkypali, Apostolos Rafailidis, Kostas Tsekouras

Published in: Eurasian Business Review | Issue 2/2015

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Abstract

The relevant literature is conflicted about the direction of causality between innovation and exports. In this paper we attempt to shed light on this relationship by setting a theoretical framework where a two-way causality is hypothesized to exist between these two firm activities. In addition, the role of firm age is highlighted as firms at different stages of their life cycle may face different prospects and constraints and thus develop different strategies to survive and grow. Such differential patterns may be even more intense due to the different knowledge and capabilities portfolio possessed by young and mature firms. Employing a sample of Greek Manufacturing R&D active firms for the year 2010, we estimate a multi-group path analysis for young and mature firms. Even though empirical results do not support the existence of a two-way causality between innovation and export performance, when we account for the moderating role of age it becomes evident that the direction of causality differs between young and mature firms. Also the indirect and direct effect of firms’ R&D stock is confirmed as an intermediate link within the innovation-export nexus.

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Footnotes
1
Standard errors are computed using the Huber-White sandwich estimator thus, accounting for heteroscedasticity issues.
 
2
Gkypali and Tsekouras (2015) present in detail of the survey design and methodology.
 
3
In order to determine the age threshold robustness checks have been performed using alternative age thresholds either greater or lower than 15 years and results are available upon request. Estimation results are robust for alternative age thresholds however for firm age lower than 15 years the model fit deteriorated.
 
4
It should be noted that with respect to the estimation of indirect effects, MPlus uses the Sobel test to calculate indirect effects and employs the Delta method to calculate standard errors of the indirect effects. Simulation studies suggest parameter estimates and standard errors using MLR would be identical to those obtained with the bootstrapping procedure (Muthen and Muthen 2014).
 
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Metadata
Title
Innovation and export performance: do young and mature innovative firms differ?
Authors
Areti Gkypali
Apostolos Rafailidis
Kostas Tsekouras
Publication date
01-12-2015
Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Published in
Eurasian Business Review / Issue 2/2015
Print ISSN: 1309-4297
Electronic ISSN: 2147-4281
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s40821-015-0030-4

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