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06-05-2016 | Issue 6/2016

Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance 6/2016

Tungsten Carbide Grain Size Computation for WC-Co Dissimilar Welds

Journal:
Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance > Issue 6/2016
Authors:
Dongran Zhou, Haichao Cui, Peiquan Xu, Fenggui Lu

Abstract

A “two-step” image processing method based on electron backscatter diffraction in scanning electron microscopy was used to compute the tungsten carbide (WC) grain size distribution for tungsten inert gas (TIG) welds and laser welds. Twenty-four images were collected on randomly set fields per sample located at the top, middle, and bottom of a cross-sectional micrograph. Each field contained 500 to 1500 WC grains. The images were recognized through clustering-based image segmentation and WC grain growth recognition. According to the WC grain size computation and experiments, a simple WC-WC interaction model was developed to explain the WC dissolution, grain growth, and aggregation in welded joints. The WC-WC interaction and blunt corners were characterized using scanning and transmission electron microscopy. The WC grain size distribution and the effects of heat input E on grain size distribution for the laser samples were discussed. The results indicate that (1) the grain size distribution follows a Gaussian distribution. Grain sizes at the top of the weld were larger than those near the middle and weld root because of power attenuation. (2) Significant WC grain growth occurred during welding as observed in the as-welded micrographs. The average grain size was 11.47 μm in the TIG samples, which was much larger than that in base metal 1 (BM1 2.13 μm). The grain size distribution curves for the TIG samples revealed a broad particle size distribution without fine grains. The average grain size (1.59 μm) in laser samples was larger than that in base metal 2 (BM2 1.01 μm). (3) WC-WC interaction exhibited complex plane, edge, and blunt corner characteristics during grain growth. A WC\( \left( { 1 {\bar{\text{1}}}00} \right) \) to WC\( \left( {0 1 1 {\bar{\text{0}}}} \right) \) edge disappeared and became a blunt plane WC\( \left( { 10 1 {\bar{\text{0}}}} \right) \), several grains with two- or three-sided planes and edges disappeared into a multi-edge, and a WC-WC merged.

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