Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Hint

Swipe to navigate through the articles of this issue

01-07-2020 | Original Article | Issue 14/2020

Environmental Earth Sciences 14/2020

Heavy metal pollution and human health risk assessment for exposure to surface soil of mining area: a comprehensive study

Journal:
Environmental Earth Sciences > Issue 14/2020
Authors:
Mohammad Abouian Jahromi, Ahmad Jamshidi-Zanjani, Ahmad Khodadadi Darban
Important notes

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s12665-020-09110-3) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

The contaminated soil by mining activities could be transported through the erosive effect of wind. In this study, human health risk was assessed for exposure to heavy metals (Cu, Zn, Cd, Pb) present in surface soil of Irankouh zinc–lead mine, (the nearest mine to Isfahan, Iran) as one of the main dust storm sources. The effect of improper mining waste and tailings management in the Irankouh zinc–lead mine was not deeply investigated. Thus, 65 surface soil samples were collected (mining and residential area) and subjected into chemical analyses, then various assessment approaches were conducted on the obtained data. It was found that the mean concentrations of Zn (1035.2 mg kg−1, SD = 563.7), Cd (2.53 mg kg−1, SD = 1.1), and Pb (281.7 mg kg−1, SD = 115.6) were higher in the study area than in the Earth’s crust. Results of enrichment factor (EF) represented high enrichment with the mean values for Cd (5.75), Zn (7.29), and Pb (4.42) in the study area. The considerable ecological risk (RI = 497.95) and high contamination degree (mCd = 11.83) obtained in this study implicated the potential of high health risk in the mining area. Moreover, the results of multivariate analysis techniques revealed a high interrelation between Pb, Zn, and Cd and their common anthropogenic origin in the residential area. All the calculated HI values were higher than one indicated probable adverse effect on human health due to the mining activities. In general, the proper waste management of Irankouh zinc–lead mine should be planned and performed to reduce its environmental adverse effects.

Please log in to get access to this content

To get access to this content you need the following product:

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 69.000 Bücher
  • über 500 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Umwelt
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe
  • Versicherung + Risiko

Testen Sie jetzt 30 Tage kostenlos.

Springer Professional "Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 50.000 Bücher
  • über 380 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Umwelt
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe




Testen Sie jetzt 30 Tage kostenlos.

Supplementary Material
Available only for authorised users
Literature
About this article

Other articles of this Issue 14/2020

Environmental Earth Sciences 14/2020 Go to the issue