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18-03-2020 | Issue 6/2020

Wireless Networks 6/2020

Performance evaluation of a C-RAN supporting a mixture of random and quasi-random traffic

Journal:
Wireless Networks > Issue 6/2020
Authors:
Iskanter-Alexandros Chousainov, Ioannis Moscholios, Alexandros Kaloxylos, Michael Logothetis
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Abstract

In this paper we consider a cloud radio access network (C-RAN) where the remote radio heads (RRHs) are separated from the baseband signal processing servers, named baseband units (BBUs). The latter forms a centralized pool of high-performance data center resources. To benefit from network function virtualization, we consider virtualized BBU (V-BBU) resources where the BBU functionality and services have been virtualized in the form of virtual network functions. All RRHs in the C-RAN form a single cluster. Each RRH of such a cluster may accommodate random or quasi-random traffic. That means that new calls in a RRH can be generated by an infinite number of mobile users (random traffic) or by a finite number of mobile users (quasi-random traffic). An arriving call requires a radio resource unit from the serving RRH and a computational resource unit from the V-BBU. If these resource units are available, then the call is accepted and remains in the system for a generally distributed service time. Otherwise, the call is blocked and lost. In order to analyze this C-RAN we model it as a loss system and study two cases: (i) all RRHs accommodate quasi-random traffic and (ii) some RRHs accommodate random traffic and the rest accommodate quasi-random traffic. In both cases, we show that the steady state probabilities have a product form solution and propose convolution algorithms for the accurate determination of the main teletraffic performance measure which is congestion probability. The accuracy of these algorithms is verified via simulation.

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