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20-05-2021 | Production Process | Issue 6/2021 Open Access

Production Engineering 6/2021

Influence of cutting parameters on mechanisms causing slug pulling

Production Engineering > Issue 6/2021
Alexander Kindsmüller, Agnes Schrepfer, Jens Stahl, Isabella Pätzold, Anian Nürnberger, Roland Golle, Wolfram Volk
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Shear cutting is one of the most widely used manufacturing processes in the production of sheet metal components. The reasons for this are the high output volume combined with low costs per part. The profitability of this process is significantly influenced by the lifetime of the active elements and the occurrence of unexpected process disturbances. While there are already many publications on the former, there are only few examinations on the wide spread process disturbance of slug pulling, which describes the phenomenon where the cut-out part is pulled upwards again during the punch return stroke. In particular, the different forces on the slug that cause this phenomenon have not yet been measured individually and independently of one another in one single tool. Thus, a shear cutting tool was developed that enables the measurement of the individual forces on the slug depending on various process parameters. Following, single stroke experiments were carried out to determine these forces and establish relationships between the process parameters, the characteristics of the slug and the measured forces. Finally, the interaction of all partial forces depending on selected process parameters is discussed in order to classify the relevance of every single force with regard to the occurrence of slug pulling. This understanding of the process is necessary in order to make a well-founded decision when designing future tools or selecting available remedial measures to avoid slug pulling.
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