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Published in: Cellulose 3/2022

23-01-2022 | Original Research

Novel P/Si based nanoparticles for durable flame retardant application on cotton

Authors: Na Li, Panpan Chen, Dongni Liu, Gaowei Kang, Liu Liu, Liyun Xu, Jianyong Yu, Faxue Li, Dequn Wu

Published in: Cellulose | Issue 3/2022

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Abstract

Cotton fabric has a wide application due to its hygroscopicity, air permeability, and large production of cotton fiber used to make the fabric. However, cotton materials are a safety hazard during its application because of flammability (limiting oxygen index is about 18%). In order to improve the flame retardancy of cotton fibers and reduce the damage of its mechanical properties, novel P/Si based flame retardant (PFR) nanoparticles were synthesized by one-step radical polymerization. Vinyl phosphoric acid and tetramethyl divinyl disiloxane were introduced into the nanoparticles. The structure, morphology and thermal stability of PFR was characterized by fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), thermogravimetric analysis test (TGA). Durable flame retardant cotton fibers were prepared by dip-coating and plasma induced crosslinking methods. Micro-calorimeter (MCC) characterization showed that the peak of heat release rate (pHRR) and the total heat release (THR) were reduced by 47.3% and 29.8% for modified cotton fibers compared with pure cotton fibers. Limiting oxygen index (LOI) of modified cotton fibers was increased to 27%. The residue carbon of modified cotton fibers was 19.0% at 700 °C, while the value of pure cotton fibers was 3.0%. Besides, durability of the modified cotton fibers was approved by cyclic washing test. In addition, flame retardant mechanism was revealed by collecting and analyzing condensed and gaseous pyrolysis products. The data of FE-SEM for residue carbon, FT-IR spectra of products at different pyrolysis temperatures and pyrolysis gas chromatography mass spectrometry (Py-GC–MS) showed that PFR was a synergistic flame retardant contained barrier and quenching effecting applied on cotton materials.

Graphical abstract

Novel phosphorus-silicon based nanoparticles were synthesized by one-step radical polymerization and applied to improve the flame retardant of cotton materials by dip-coating and plasma induced crosslinking.

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Appendix
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Metadata
Title
Novel P/Si based nanoparticles for durable flame retardant application on cotton
Authors
Na Li
Panpan Chen
Dongni Liu
Gaowei Kang
Liu Liu
Liyun Xu
Jianyong Yu
Faxue Li
Dequn Wu
Publication date
23-01-2022
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Published in
Cellulose / Issue 3/2022
Print ISSN: 0969-0239
Electronic ISSN: 1572-882X
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10570-021-04309-4