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01-09-2012 | Issue 12/2012

Water Resources Management 12/2012

Spatial Pattern Characterization and Multivariate Hydrological Frequency Analysis of Extreme Precipitation in the Pearl River Basin, China

Journal:
Water Resources Management > Issue 12/2012
Authors:
Lingling Zhao, Jun Xia, Leszek Sobkowiak, Zhonggen Wang, Fengrui Guo

Abstract

Consecutive extreme rainfall events, especially those having unfavourable spatio-temporal patterns, always trigger large floods. This paper aims to examine, through the multivariate hydrological frequency analysis, the probability of the synchronous occurrence of rainfall extremes in the Pearl River basin. The copula method together with the stationarity and independence tests, which are crucial to the valid use of statistical methods in regional frequency analyses, were applied in the study. The obtained results indicate that: (1) major precipitation events of the annual maximum 1-, 3-, 5- and 7-day rainfall recorded at 42 stations are the flat looking series and variables are independent, (2) the marginal distribution of all extreme rainfall variables in four homogeneous hydrologic regions fits the log-normal probability distribution and most of their joint distribution fits the Gumbel-Hougaard distribution, (3) on that basis the contour maps of the joint distribution of annual maximum 1-, 3-, 5- and 7-day rainfall between different regions are drawn and the probability of the synchronous occurrence of the extreme rainfalls in different regions are estimated. These findings have great practical value for the regional water resources and flood risk management and are important in exploration of the spatial patterns of rainfall extremes in the Pearl River basin in order to reveal the underlying linkages between precipitation and floods from a broader geographical perspective.

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