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Manuscript submitted April 3, 2018.
The ironmaking blast furnace (BF) is an efficient chemical reactor for producing liquid iron from solid iron ore, where the solids of coke and iron ore are charged in alternative layers and different chemical reactions occur in the two solid layers as they descend. Such respective reacting burden layers have not been considered explicitly in the previous BF models. In this article, a mathematical model based on multi-fluid theory is developed for describing the multiphase reacting flows considering the respective reacting burden layers. Then, this model is applied to a BF, covering the area from the burden surface at the furnace top to the liquid surface above the hearth, to describe the inner states of a BF in terms of the multiphase flows, temperature distribution and reduction process. The results show that some key important features in the layered burden with respective chemical reactions are captured, including fluctuating iso-lines in terms of gas flow and thermochemical behaviours; particularly the latter cannot be well captured in the previous BF models. The temperature difference between gas–solid phases is found to be larger near the raceway, at the cohesive zone and at the furnace top, and the thermal reserved zone can be identified near the shaft. Three chemical reserve zones of hematite, magnetite and wustite can also be observed near the stockline, in the shaft near the wall and near centre, respectively. Inside each reserve zone, the corresponding ferrous oxides stay constantly high in alternative layers; the overall performance indicators including gas utilization efficiency and reduction degree also stay stable in an alternative-layered structure. This model provides a cost-effective tool to investigate the BF in-furnace process and optimize BF operation.
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- Modelling of Blast Furnace with Respective Chemical Reactions in Coke and Ore Burden Layers
- Publication date
- Springer US
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