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01.12.2016 | Research | Ausgabe 1/2016 Open Access

EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking 1/2016

A token-based dynamic scheduled MAC protocol for health monitoring

Zeitschrift:
EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking > Ausgabe 1/2016
Autoren:
Xiaoming Yuan, Changle Li, Li Yang, Wenwei Yue, Beibei Zhang, Sana Ullah
Wichtige Hinweise

Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Abstract

Developments of wireless body area networks (WBANs) facilitate the pervasive health monitoring with mHealth applications. WBANs can support continuous health monitoring for the human body in convenience and high efficiency without any intervention. The monitoring data in health care have the characteristics of various data flows and heterogeneous data arrival rates, the transmission of which must be in timeliness and reliability, especially the burst data. Moreover, the energy-constraint nodes should be provident in energy consumption. Designing MAC protocols with high reliability and energy efficiency for WBANs is the prime consideration. In this paper, we propose a token-based two-round reservation MAC (TTR MAC) protocol based on IEEE 802.15.6 with considering the data features of health monitoring. With analyzing the characteristics of monitoring data, one-round reservation is conducted for periodic data and two-round reservation is generated adaptively for burst data to save energy. Besides, TTR MAC protocol assigns appropriate number of allocation slots to nodes in heterogeneous data arrival rates. Furthermore, a token is introduced on the basis of user priority and health severity index to indicate the transmission order of nodes with burst data, which highly decreases the average delay. In addition, a bit sequence scheduled algorithm is proposed for m-periodic (m>1) monitoring data for network capacity expansion. The simulation results show that TTR MAC protocol achieves higher energy efficiency and longer lifetime compared with IEEE 802.15.6 and other one-round reservation MAC (OR MAC) protocols for both 1-periodic and m-periodic data.

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