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This chapter explores the dynamics of escalating large-scale land acquisitions in Uganda, their impact on the agrarian social structure and their underlying political and social struggles. In so doing, it seeks to shed light on the drivers, agents and implications of large-scale land enclosures, as well as the related social struggles, which have all been amplified by neo-liberalism. It enquires into why and how land enclosures are occurring in Uganda, as well as the ways in which everyday struggles are shaped by, and are shaping, the mechanisms for uneven capitalist development. Framing land struggles at the core of social analysis illuminates the relational character of accumulation, dispossession and resistance.
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