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Über dieses Buch

Today, by many accounts, China is the world's foremost purveyor of foreign aid and foreign investment to developing countries. This is the product of China's miracle economic growth over a period of more than three decades, together with China's drive to become a major player in world affairs and accomplish this through economic rather than military means. This three-volume work is the first comprehensive study of China's aid and investment strategy to trace how it has evolved since Beijing launched its foreign aid diplomacy at the time of the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949.

Volume II provides an analysis of China's foreign aid and investment to countries and regional organizations on the Asian continent, covering all of its major sub-regions, during the period from 1950 to the present day. Copper considers motivating factors such as the Korean War, the Vietnam War, and China's desire to challenge the West and later the Soviet Union. Also important to China and driving its aid and investment was China's pursuit of Communist Bloc solidarity, a search for secure borders, and competition with India for influence in the Third World. Securing its imports of energy and raw materials and markets for is products came later. Marginalizing Taiwan and defeating it diplomatically constituted another goal of China's foreign aid and foreign investment analyzed here.



Chapter 1. China’s Foreign Aid and Investment Diplomacy in Southeast Asia

Among the various regions in the world where it has offered foreign aid and foreign investments, China arguably has regarded Southeast Asia geopolitically as the most important. There are former tribute bearers in the area. There are more Chinese living in Southeast Asian countries than anywhere else in the world. Adjacent sea-lanes have become vitally important to China as it has become a trading giant and as it needs to import energy and natural resources and export its products. Last but not the least the region is booming economically and China and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) have recently formed the largest economic bloc in the world.
John F. Copper

Chapter 2. China’s Foreign Aid and Investment Diplomacy in South Asia

When the People’s Republic of China came into being in 1949, China’s national interests in South Asia were clearly secondary to its interests in both Northeast Asia and Southeast Asia. Still, China’s leaders saw good reasons to seek cordial relations with and/or improve ties with countries in South Asia. With time China’s interests there increased markedly.
John F. Copper

Chapter 3. China’s Foreign Aid and Investment Diplomacy in Northeast and Central Asia

China extended foreign assistance to two Northeast Asian countries—North Korea and Mongolia—during the early period of its aid giving. In the case of North Korea, China provided massive help in the form of both economic and military aid (including soldiers) during the Korean War and subsequently funds for postwar reconstruction. Since then China has provided very large amounts of aid and investments to North Korea. North Korea was, and arguably still is, the largest recipient of China’s financial assistance anywhere.
John F. Copper

Chapter 4. Using Aid and Investment Diplomacy to Isolate Taiwan

The People’s Republic of China has allocated a substantial amount of its foreign aid and investments to deal with the “Taiwan issue.” Specifically, China has given economic help to a host of developing countries in order to reduce Taipei’s formal diplomatic ties, diminish its status as a nation-state, isolate Taiwan from the international community, and compel Taiwan’s government to negotiate with China for the island’s reunification.
John F. Copper


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